1783 Janvier Map of North America and South America
Description: An altogether fascinating map of North America and South America by Jean Janvier dating to 1883. Covers both continents from the Antarctic Circle to the Arctic Circle, extends westward to New Zealand and eastward as far as Africa and Spain. The 'Sea of the West', speculated by Philippe Buache and Guillaume De l'Isle in the early 18th century, has here been eliminated. Instead, the discoveries of Cook, both in Hawaii and in the Pacific Northwest are beginning to emerge - with Alaska being vaguely recognizable.
On the opposite side of the map, Janvier places the Great Lakes firmly within French territory, a clear case of carto-advocacy. He also extends Spanish control of the eastern coast of North America well north of the traditional Florida boundary to including Georgia and parts of Carolina.
South America is typically well mapped along the coastlines and relatively speculative throughout the interior. Janvier drops the popular myth of Lake Parima and eldorado in Guyana, but maintains the Lac Xarayes as the northern terminus of the Paraguay River. The Xaraies, meaning 'Masters of the River' were an indigenous people occupying what are today parts of Brazil's Matte Grosso and the Pantanal. When Spanish and Portuguese explorers first navigated up the Paraguay River, as always in search of el Dorado, they encountered the vast Pantanal flood plain at the height of its annual inundation. Understandably misinterpreting the flood plain as a gigantic inland sea, they named it after the local inhabitants, the Xaraies. The Laguna de los Xarayes almost immediately began to appear on early maps of the region and, at the same time, almost immediately took on a legendary aspect as the gateway to el Dorado.
Polynesia is mapped with numerous islands named, but few are the correct size or in the correct place. Hawaii, which has just been discovered by Cook, is oted for the first time. 'Terre vue par Davis' is identified roughly where easter Island is today. Terre de Davis or Davis' Land was supposedly discovered in 1688 by an english navigator of the same name. Many historians argue whether or not Davis Land was actually eastern Island, but it does seem likely. New Zealand has been updated from earlier editions to reflect Cook's explorations in the region and is presented in two island form.
The lower right hand quadrant is dominated by a decorative title cartouche depicting some of the flora of the continents.
Drawn by Jean Janvier in 1783 for issue as plate no. 31 in Jean Lattre's 1783 issue of the Atlas Moderne.
Date: 1783 (dated)
Source: Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c. 1783.
References: Rumsey 2612.069. Phillips (Atlases) 629-32. New York Public Library, Map Division, 96-7687.
Cartographer: Jean or Robert Janvier (fl. 1746 - 1776) was a Paris based cartographer active in the mid to late 18th century. Janvier true first name is a matter of debate, as it appears as it often appears as either Jean or Robert. More commonly, Janvier simply signed his maps Signor Janvier. By the late 18th century Janvier seems to have been awarded the title of "Geographe Avec Privilege du Roi" and this designations appears on many of his latter maps. Janvier worked with many of the most prominent French, English and Italian map publishers of his day, including Faden, Lattre, Bonne, Santini, Zannoni, Delamarche, and Desnos. Click here for a list of rare maps by Janvier.
Cartographer: Jean Lattre (fl. 1743 - 1793) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattre published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattre brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattre's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France. Click here for a list of rare maps by Jean Lattre.
Size: Printed area measures 18 x 12.5 inches (45.72 x 31.75 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 60000000
Condition: Very good condition. Original centerfold. Blank on verso.
Code: America-lattre-1783 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)