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1861 Johnson Map of the World's Industry and Animals


Map of The World showing the Geographical Distribution & Range of The Principal Members of The Animal Kingdom.  Map of The World illustrating the Productive Industry Of Various Countries, & exhibiting the principal features of Commerce And Navigation.
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Price: $100.00
Title:    Map of The World showing the Geographical Distribution & Range of The Principal Members of The Animal Kingdom. Map of The World illustrating the Productive Industry Of Various Countries, & exhibiting the principal features of Commerce And Navigation.

Description:    This is a beautiful example of A. J. Johnson and R. Browning's 1861 map of the World's animal kingdom and the productive industries of various countries. The map is divided into two parts. The upper map shows the geographical distribution and range of the principal members of the animal kingdom, with an inset 'bird map'. The lower map illustrates the productive industries of various countries establishing the principle features of commerce and navigation. Both maps are colors coded according to continents with countries labeled but their political boundaries not shown. Mainly focusing on mammels, the upper map depicts the general range and distribution of principal animals by continuous or dotted lines. A small paragraph on the lower right corner of the upper map contains information about the markings on the map. The lower map marks the products of each country and also indicates various maritime routes. A statistical table on the bottom of this map notes the area and population of the principal countries. This map features the strapwork style border common to Johnsonís atlas work from 1860 to 1863. Published by A. J. Johnson and Browning as plate no. 9-10 in the 1861 edition of†Johnsonís New Illustrated Family Atlas. This is the last edition of the Johnson Atlas to bear the 'Johnson and Browning' imprint. Subsequent editions reflect Ward's 1862 acquisition Ross C. Browning's shares in the firm.

Date:    1861 (undated)

Source:    Johnson, A. J.,†Johnsonís New Illustrated Family Atlas, with descriptions, Geographical, Statistical, and Historical†, 1861.†    

References:    Rumsey 2905.003 (1860 edition)

Cartographer:    Alvin Jewett Johnson (September 23, 1827 - April 22, 1884) was a prolific American map publisher active from 1856 to the mid-1880s. Johnson was born into a poor family in Wallingford, Vermont where he received only a based public education. He is known to have worked as school teacher for several years before moving to Richmond, Virginia. Johnson got his first taste of the map business and a salesman and book canvasser for J. H. Colton and company. The earliest Johnson maps were published with D. Griffing Johnson (no clear relation) and date to the mid-1850s, however it was not until 1860 that the Johnson firm published its first significant work, the Johnson's New Illustrated (Steel Plate) Family Atlas. The publication of the Family Atlas followed a somewhat mysterious 1859 deal with the well-established but financially strapped J. H. Colton cartographic publishing firm. Although map historian Water Ristow speculates that Colton sold his copyrights to Johnson and his business partner, another Vermonter named Ross C. Browning (1832 - 1899), a more likely theory is that Johnson and Browning financially supported the Colton firm in exchange for the right to use Colton's existing copyrighted map plates. Regardless of which scenario actually occurred it is indisputable that the first Johnson atlas maps were mostly reissues of earlier Colton maps. Early on Johnson described his firm as the "Successors to J. H. Colton and Company". Johnson's business strategy involved transferring the original Colton steel plate engravings to cheaper lithographic stones, allowing his firm to produce more maps at a lower price point. In 1861, following the outbreak of the American Civil War the Johnson and Browning firm moved their office from Richmond, Virginia to New York City. Johnson and Browning published two editions of the Johnson Atlas in 1860 and 1861. Sometime in 1861 Browning's portion of the firm was purchased by Benjamin P. Ward, whose name subsequently replaced Browning's on the imprint. The 1863 issue of the Family Atlas was one of the most unusual, it being a compilation of older Johnson and Browning maps, updated 1862 Johnson and Ward map issues, and newer 1863 maps with a revised border design. The 1864 issue of the Family Atlas is the first true Johnson and Ward atlas. Johnson published one more edition of the atlas in partnership with Ward in 1865, after which Johnson seems to have bought out Ward's share the firm. The next issue of the Atlas, 1866, is the first purely "Johnson" atlas with all new map plates, updated imprints, and copyrights. The Family Atlas went through roughly 27 years of publication, from 1860 to 1887, outliving Johnson himself who died in 1884. Johnson maps from the Family Atlas are notable for their unique borders, of which there are four different designs, the "strapwork borer" from 1860 to 1863, the "fretwork border" from 1863 to 1869 and the "spirograph border" in 1870 Ė 1882, and a more elaborate version of the same from 1880-1887. In addition to the Family Atlas Johnson issued numerous wall maps, pocket maps, and in the 1880s the Cyclopedia. Johnson maps are known for their size, accuracy, detail, and stunning, vivid hand coloring. Johnson maps, purely American in their style and execution, chronicle some of the most important and periods in American history including the Civil War, the Westward Expansion, and the Indian Wars. Today Johnson's maps, especially those of the American west, are highly sought after by map collectors and historians. Click here for a list of rare maps by A. J. Johnson.

Size:   Printed area measures 11 x 16 inches (27.94 x 40.64 centimeters)

Condition:    Very good. Blank on verso. Minor overall toning.

Code:   AnimalIndustry-johnson-1861 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)


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