1835 Bradford Map of Asia
Description: This is a fine example of the 1835 T. G. Bradford map of Asia. The map covers the continent from the Arctic Ocean south as far as the Indian Ocean and Sumatra and from the Red Sea eastward to Japan. Towns, rivers, mountains, islands and various other important topographical details are noted. Elevation throughout is rendered by hachures and political and territorial boundaries are outlined in color. The Great Wall of China is identified. The sea between Korea and Japan, whose name is a matter of political debate (either the 'Sea of Korea', 'Sea of Japan') is here identified as 'Sea of Corea'.
During this time in Russia, around 1825, Russian army officers, called the Decembrists, protested against Nicholas Iís ascension to the throne. They were however defeated and some were exiled to Siberia. There, against all odds, the Decembrists thrived making significant contributions to the cultural and economic growth of Siberia. In 1856, when the Decembrists received amnesty, only some returned to European Russia.
In the early 19th century Asia was coming under increasingly imperial European sway. In India, full British rule allowed England to attain naval and trade supremacy throughout the Eastern Hemisphere. Using India as a springboard, the English traded wool and Indian cotton for Chinese tea and textiles. By the 1830s, oversaturation of the Chinese market slackened Chinese demand for most British products. To make up for the trade deficit, British merchants introduced Indian opium to Chinese markets. Addictive and cheap, Opium became Britain's most profitable and important crop in world markets, pouring into China faster than tea poured into Britain. Opium addiction and its attendant social ills reached such catastrophic levels that the Chinese government took action and destroyed British opium in Canton. As this threatened English commercial interests, the crown responded, sparking the Opium Wars of 1839-1842. The superior British forces took complete control of Canton, occupied Shanghai, and blockaded Chinese ports, forcing the Chinese to sign the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. This unequal treaty (the first of many between European powers and China) granted Britain extensive trading rights in China.
This map was issued by Thomas Gamaliel Bradford in 1835.
Date: 1835 (undated)
Cartographer: Thomas Gamaliel Bradford (1802-1887) was born in Boston, Massachusetts, where he worked as an assistant editor for the America Encyclopedia. Bradford's first major cartographic work was his revision and subsequent republishing of an important French geography by Adrian Balbi, published in America as Atlas Designed to Illustrate the Abridgement of Universal Geography, Modern & Ancient. Afterwards Bradford revised and expanded this work into his own important contributions to American cartography, the 1838 "An Illustrated Atlas Geographical, Statistical and Historical of the United States and Adjacent Countries. In his long career as a map publisher Bradford worked with Ticknor of Boston, Freeman Hunt & Company of New York, De Silver of Philadelphia, Hinton, Boynton, and others. Click here for a list of rare maps from Thomas Gamaliel Bradford.
Size: Printed area measures 11 x 8.5 inches (27.94 x 21.59 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 48750000
Condition: Very good. Original platemark visible. Blank on verso.
Code: Asia-bradford-1835 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: Bradford , Sea of Korea , Decembrists , Nicholas I , Opium War , Treaty of Nanking