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1794 Laurie & Whittle Nautical Chart or Map of the East Coast of Ceylon or Sri Lanka


The Bay of Tricoenmale or Trinkili-Male, on the East Coast of Ceylon.  Plan of Venlos Bay, on the East Coast of Ceylon.
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Title:    The Bay of Tricoenmale or Trinkili-Male, on the East Coast of Ceylon. Plan of Venlos Bay, on the East Coast of Ceylon.

Description:    This is a fine example of Laurie and Whittle's 1794 nautical chart or maritime map of the Tricoenmale or Trinkili-Male (Trincomalee) Bay and the Venlos (Vandelous) Bay on the east coast of Sri Lanka or Ceylon. Essentially two maps on a single sheet, the upper map details part of the modern Trincomalee District and covers from Dove's Rocks to Coetjar Point. It includes modern day Koddiyar Bay, Shell Bay and Tambalagam Bay. The Trincomalee Fort, built by the Portuguese in 1624 and in 1663 rebuilt and renamed Fort Fredrick by the Dutch is here noted as Tricoenmale Fort. Trincomalee, home to one of the world's largest natural harbors, was captured by the Dutch and the French alternately until finally the British captured the fort in 1795, a year after this map was made. The map also marks the Ostenburg Hills and Fort. Known at the time to be the most powerfully gunned fort in Sri Lanka, the Dutch fort surrendered to the British 1795. The lower map features the Vandelous Bay, situated north of Batticaloa. It notes the Venlos Fort and Sugar Loaf Hill along with an area where it is noted 'This land abounds with wild cinnamon', a clear sign of the mercantile intentions of this map.

The map offers rich detail including countless depth soundings, notes on the sea floor, rhumb lines, shoals, buildings, place names and a wealth of other practical information for the mariner. As noted in the title, Laurie and Whittle derived the map from a much earlier 17th century plan by the Dutch East India Company chart maker Johannes van Keulen (1654-1715). This map was published by Laurie and Whittle from their offices at 53 Fleet Street, London, on May 12, 1794. It was issued independently as well as offered in their 1797 East-India Pilot, or Oriental Navigator. 


Date:    1794 (dated)

Source:    Laurie, R., and Whittle, J., The East-India Pilot, or Oriental Navigator, on One Hundred and Eighteen Plates: Containing a Complete Collection of Charts and Plans, &c., &c. for the Navigation not only of the Indian and China Seas, but of those also between England and the Cape of Good-Hope; Improved and Chiefly Composed from the Last Work of M. D'Apres de Mannevillette; with Considerable Additions, from Private Manuscripts of the Dutch, and from Draughts and Actual Surveys Communicated By Officers of the East-India Company A New Edition, Containing One Hundred and Five Charts. (London: Laurie and Whittle) 1797.    

Cartographer:    Laurie and Whittle (fl. 1794 - 1858) were London, England, based map and atlas publishers active in the late 18th and early 19th century. Generally considered to be the successors to the Robert Sayer firm, Laurie and Whittle was founded by Robert Laurie (c. 1755 - 1836) and James Whittle (1757-1818). Robert Laurie was a skilled mezzotint engraver and is known to have worked with Robert Sayer on numerous projects. James Whittle was a well-known London socialite and print seller whose Fleet Street shop was a popular haunt for intellectual luminaries. The partnership began taking over the general management of Sayer's firm around 1787; however, they did not alter the Sayer imprint until after Sayer's death in 1794. Apparently Laurie did most of the work in managing the firm and hence his name appeared first in the "Laurie and Whittle" imprint. Together Laurie and Whittle published numerous maps and atlases, often bringing in other important cartographers of the day, including Kitchin, Faden, Jefferys and others to update and modify their existing Sayer plates. Robert Laurie retired in 1812, leaving the day to day management of the firm to his son, Richard Holmes Laurie (1777 - 1858). Under R. H. Laurie and James Whittle, the firm renamed itself "Whittle and Laurie". Whittle himself died in six years later in 1818, and thereafter the firm continued under the imprint of "R. H. Laurie". After R. H. Laurie's death the publishing house and its printing stock came under control of Alexander George Findlay, who had long been associated with Laurie and Whittle. Since, Laurie and Whittle has passed through numerous permeations, with part of the firm still extant as an English publisher of maritime or nautical charts, 'Imray, Laurie, Norie and Wilson Ltd.' The firm remains the oldest surviving chart publisher in Europe. Click here for a list of rare maps from Laurie & Whittle.

Size:   Printed area measures 13 x 24 inches (33.02 x 60.96 centimeters)

Scale:    1 : 63360

Condition:    Very good. Original platemark visible. Two maps on one sheet.

Code:   CeylonEast-lauriewhittle-1794 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)

Tags:    Laurie and Whittle , British India

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