Partie Orientale de l'Empire Romain.
1770 (undated) 14 x 9 in (35.56 x 22.86 cm)
1 : 8000000
This is an attractive 1770 map of the Eastern Roman Empire by Jean- Baptiste-Claude Delisle de Sales. It covers the eastern portion of the Mediterranean inclusive of Greece, and extends inland as far as modern day Armenia. Contains the whole of the Black Sea (Pont Euxin) and extends south well into the Arabian Desert, Nubia and Egypt. Includes the modern day nations of Greece, Turkey, Macedonia, Serbia, Romania, Armenia, Ukraine, Israel / Palestine, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Bulgaria, etc. Uses archaic place names throughout. The map shows the ancient Kingdoms of Asia Minor, many of which were Greek colonies or heavily influenced by Ancient Greek culture. These include Lydia, Lycia, Caria, Mysia, Phrygia, Cappadocia, and many others.Â
The Roman Empire was established in 27 BC after Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, the grandnephew and heir of Julius Caesar was awarded the honorific title of Augustus. During the time of the Empire, Roman cities flourished. Trade spread as far as India, Russia, China and Southeast Asia. However, the sheer size of the empire and its success also contributed to its downfall. The Western Roman Empire collapsed in AD 476, when Romulus Augustulus was deposed by the German Odovacer. The eastern Roman Empire, evolving into the Byzantine Empire, survived until the Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople in 1453. Constantine ruled the empire from 306 to 337 AD. The first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity, and the foremost general in his time, Constantine was responsible for building New Rome, the new seat of the empire, replacing Byzantium. Constantinople, as New Rome was popularly called in honor of Constantine would become the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire for over one thousand years, leading to the belief that Constantine founded the Eastern Roman Empire. He was also responsible for introducing the gold solidus, a new stable currency that developed the economy.
This map was issued as part of Delisle de Sales'Â Histoire des Hommes. Partie de l'Histoire Moderne. This volume is exceedingly rare as most of Sales' work was burnt under the censorship of heresy.
Jean-Baptiste-Claude Delisle de Sales or Jean-Baptiste Isoard de Lisle (1741–1816) was a French philosopher, historian, and accused heretic active in the late 18th century. Sales is best known for his publication of the multi-volume opus The Philosophy of Nature: Treatise on Human Moral Nature. The work, among other ideas, challenged the Biblical theory that the earth was created in 4004 BC. Instead, Sales put forth the theory based upon astronomical observations, that the earth was 140,000 years old. Sales' revolutionary ideas caused him to be declared a heretic by the Catholic Church. His publications were subsequently censored and, for the most part, destroyed. As a consequence all of his works are today extremely rare. Sales was also, notably, a close friend of Voltaire who in 1777 visited him in prison, gifting him 500 pounds towards his release. Delisle de Sales is unrelated to the more famous De L'Isle family of cartographers.
Delisle de Sales, Histoire des Hommes. Partie de l'Histoire Moderne, (Paris) 1770.
Very good. Minor wear along original fold lines. Original platemark visible. Blank on verso.