1853 Cruchley Map of Egypt
Description: This is an attractive 1853 map of Egypt issued by George Frederick Cruchley. Centered on the Nile Valley, Cruchley's map covers Egypt from the Mediterranean to Nubia. The map is color coded and divides Egypt into three sections, viz. Lower Egypt or Bahari, Upper Egypt or Said and Central Egypt or Vostani. Egypt, in ancient times was divided into the provinces of the Delta, the Heptanomis and the Thebaid. The Arabs, in modern times, renamed these provinces to the Bahari or the maritime district, the Vostani, and the Said or the high country respectively. The map notes several Arab tribes, rivers, towns, mountains and other topographical details. Elevation is rendered by hachures.
This time in history marks the decline of the Ottoman empire and its hegemony over this region. After the conquest of Palestine by Muhammad Aliís Egypt in 1832, British intervention returned control of Palestine to Ottoman rulers in 1840. In Egypt, following the expulsion of the Napoleonic forces by the Ottoman Mamluk Turks, Muhammad Ali, the Ottoman viceroy of Egypt, established the Mamluk dynasty that would rule Egypt until the Egyptian Revolution of 1952. Between 1820 and 1833, Ali annexed northern Sudan, Syria and parts of Arabia into the Mamluk Empire. In 1848 Abbas I, his grandson, was ruler of Egypt and Sudan. Abbas I, who spent most of his time in seclusion on the insistence of the British government, was responsible for the construction of the historic railway from Alexandria to Cairo.
Cruchley's General Atlas was unique for its period, employing a vivid color scheme extending even to the oceans, distinctive typography, and various uncommon decorative elements including a peacock feather crown and an imprint medallion, both of which break the printed border.† Though many of the maps in this atlas are copyrighted in 1841, the atlas was first published in 1843 from the Cruchley office at 81 Fleet Street, London, and proving popular went through numerous reissues well into the 1850s.†
Date: 1853 (dated)
Source: Cruchley, G. F., Cruchley's General Atlas, for the use of Schools and Private Tuition, London, 1853.
Cartographer: George Frederick Cruchley (April 23, 1797 - June 16, 1880) was a London based book and map seller active in the middle part of the 19th century. Cruchley began his cartographic career as an apprentice at the venerable Aaroon Arrowsmith firm. Many of Cruchley's earliest maps bear the words "From Arrowsmith's" on the imprint. In 1844 Cruchley acquired the massive stock of the important early 19th century firm of John Cary. Cruchley published his own maps as well as reissues of Cary's stock well into the 1870s. Cruchely is best known for his detailed plans of London, which in recent years have become increasingly scarce and desirable. Cruchley was based in London on 38 Ludgate Street until 1834 when he moved his offices to 81 Fleet Street. Shortly before his death in 1880 Cruchely auctioned (Hodgson's Auctions, Jan 16, 1877) his entire stock. Many of his map plates were thusly acquired by Gall and Inglis who continued the Cruchley tradition well into the early 20th century. Cruchley's son, also George Frederick (1837 - 1882), also continued to work as a book and map seller until his death. Click here for a list of rare maps by G. F. Cruchley.
Size: Printed area measures 15 x 18 inches (38.1 x 45.72 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 2200000
Condition: Very good. Minor wear along original centerfold. Blank on verso.
Code: Egypt-cruchley-1853 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: Cruchley , Ottoman Empire , Mamluk Dynasty , Muhammad Ali , Abbas I