1952 or Showa 27 Japanese Bi-lingual Panorama View Map of Mt. Fuji, Hakone Region, Japan
Description: This is a beautiful 1952 or Showa 27 bi-lingual Japanese panoramic view of Mt. Fuji, Hakone, Japan. Issued by the Japan Tourism Association, it notes roads, railways and towns along with other important features. A large inset of the region in included in the top right quadrant of the map.
At 3, 775 Meters, Mount Fuji is the highest mountain in Japan and is considered to be one of the archipelago's Three Holy Mountains. Mount Fuji's exceptionally symmetrical cone is a well-known symbol of Japan and it is frequently depicted in art and photographs, as well as visited by sightseers and climbers. It was added to the World Heritage List as a cultural site in 2013
Hakone (Hakone-machi) is a town in Ashigarashimo District in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Hakone is located in the mountainous far west of the prefecture, on the eastern side of Hakone Pass. Most of the town is within the borders of the volcanically active Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park, around Lake Ashi. Hakone is the location of a noted Shinto shrine, the Hakone Gongen, which is mentioned in Heian period literature. During the Gempei War, Minamoto no Yoritomo prayed at this shrine for victory over his enemies, after his defeat at the Battle of Ishibashiyama, which was also located with the borders of present-day Hakone. As with the rest of Sagami Province, the area came under the control of the late Ho-jo- clan of Odawara during the Sengoku period. After the start of the Edo period, Hakone-juku was a post station on the To-kaido- highway connecting Edo with Kyoto. It was also the site of a major barrier and official checkpoint on the route known as the Hakone Checkpoint (Hakone sekisho), which formed the border of the Kanto- region. Under the Tokugawa shogunate, all travelers entering and leaving Edo along the To-kaido- were stopped here by officials, and their travel permits and baggage was examined. After the start of the Meiji Restoration, Hakone became a part of the short-lived Ashigara Prefecture before becoming part of Ashigarashimo District in Kanagawa prefecture in August 1876. Hakone attained town status in 1889. After merger with five neighboring towns and villages in September 1956, it reached its present boundaries.
This map was issued by the Japan Tourism Association. Text is in Japanese and English.
Date: 1952 (undated)
Cartographer: Japanese cartography appears as early as the 1600s. Japanese maps are known for their exceptional beauty and high quality of workmanship. Early Japanese cartography has its own very distinctive projection and layout system. Japanese maps made prior to the appearance of Commodore Perry and the opening of Japan in the mid to late 1850s often have no firm directional orientation, incorporate views into the map proper, and tend to be hand colored woodblock prints. This era, from the 1600s to the c. 1855, which roughly coincides with the Tokugawa or Edo Period (1603-1886), some consider the Golden Age of Japanese Cartography. Most maps from this period, which followed isolationist ideology, predictably focus on Japan. The greatest cartographer of the period, whose work redefined all subsequent cartography, was Ino Tadataka (1745 -1818). Ino's maps of Japan were so detailed that, when the European cartographers arrived they had no need, even with their far more sophisticated survey equipment, to remap the region. Later Japanese maps, produced in the late Edo and throughout the Meiji period, draw heavily upon western maps as models in both their content and overall cartographic style. While many of these later maps maintain elements of traditional Japanese cartography such as the use of rice paper, woodblock printing, and delicate hand color, they also incorporate western directional orientation, projection systems, and structural norms. Even so, Japan's isolationist policy kept most western maps from reaching Japan so even 19th century maps appear extremely out of date. The early Japanese maps copy the great 1602 Chinese world map of the friar Matto Ricci. After Shiba Kokan's 1792 map, most Japanese cartographers used Covens and Mortier's 1730 copy of Jaillot's 1689 double hemisphere work as their base world-view. In 1862 Seiyo Sato based a new world map on Dutch sources dating to 1857, thus introducing the Mercator projection to Japan. By the late Meiji Era, western maps became far more common in Asia and Japanese maps began to follow modern conventions.Click here for a list of Japanese maps.
Size: Printed area measures 29 x 21 inches (73.66 x 53.34 centimeters)
Condition: Very good. Minor wear along original fold lines. Map exhibits stains throughout. Lower right quadrant exhibits minor damage. Professionally flattened and backed with archival tissue. Accompanied by original binder.
Printable Info Sheet
Code: Fuji-showa27-1952 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: Japanese Map , View , Pictorial Map , Mount Fuji