1747 Bowen Map of Northwestern Germany (Westphalia, Lower Saxony)
Description: This is an appealing 1747 map of the northwestern part of Germany by the British Cartographer Emanuel Bowen. It covers the Westphalia and Lower Saxony regions of Germany from Denmark south as far as Mainz (Mentz) and Frankfurt and from the Netherlands east as far as Brandenburg. Several important cities, towns, rivers, roads, lakes and other topographic features are noted throughout with mountains beautifully rendered in profile.
Lower Saxony was one of the 'imperial circles' created by the Holy Roman empire in the 1500s. Groupings of regional territories were designed for defensive, tax, and administrative purposes within the empire. Westphalia, in 1648, became famous when the 'Peace of Westphalia' was signed in Munster and Osnabruck, ending the Thirty Years' War.
The map includes a beautifully illustrated title cartouche in the lower right quadrant. This map was prepared by Emanuel Bowen as plate no. 19 for the 1747 issue of A Complete System of Geography.
Date: 1747 (undated)
Source: Bowen, E., A Complete System of Geography. Being a description of all the countries, islands, cities, chief towns, harbours, lakes, and rivers, mountains, mines, etc., of the known world …, (London) 1747.
References: Rumsey 3733.018. Philips (atlases) 614 (1752 edition).
Cartographer: Emanuel Bowen (1714-1767) had the high distinction to be named Royal Mapmaker to both to King George II of England and Louis XV of France. Based in London from 1714 onwards, Bowen was highly regarded for producing some of the largest, most detailed, most accurate and most attractive maps of his era. He is known to have worked with some of the most prominent cartographic names of the period including Herman Moll, John Owen, and Thomas Kitchin. Despite his renown and success, Bowen, like many cartographers, died in poverty. Upon Emanuel Bowen's death, his cartographic work was taken over by his son, Thomas Bowen (?? - 1790) who also died in poverty. Click here for a list of rare maps from Emanuel Bowen.
Size: Printed area measures 9.5 x 13.5 inches (24.13 x 34.29 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 2150000
Condition: Very good. Blank on verso. Original platemark visible.
Code: GermanyNW-bowen-1747 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: Bowen , Central Europe , Holy Roman Empire , Imperial Circles