1747 Bowen Map of Bohemia and Southeastern Germany (Bavaria and Salzburg)
Description: This is a beautiful 1747 map of the southeastern part of Germany and the Czech Republic by the British cartographer Emanuel Bowen. It includes the Kingdom of Bohemia (modern day Czech Republic), the Archbishopric of Saltzburg, and the Electorate of Bavaria. Centered on the Danube River, the map covers the modern day countries of Germany, Czech Republic and Austria from Dresden in the north to the Gulf of Venice in the South and from Salzburg in the west to Vienna in the East. Major cities including Prague, Brinn (Brno), Drasden (Dresden), Vienna, Olmutz (Olomouc), Saltzburg (Salzburg), Gratz (Graz) and several others are identified. Rivers, roads, lakes and other topography is also noted throughout, with mountains beautifully rendered in profile.
Prior to the French Revolutionary War and the Congress of Vienna, the Holy Roman Empire's Circle of Bavaria included the Archbishopric of Salzburg, and was bordered by Franconia, Bohemia, Swabia, and Austria. After several wars with, and occupation by, Austria, the old Bavarian elector Max III Joseph died, leaving Bavaria and the electoral Palatinate to be governed once again in personal union. The Napoleonic Wars dissolved the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, briefly making Bavaria an independent kingdom and doubling its size, until Germany consolidated in 1871.
This map includes a beautifully illustrated title cartouche in the upper left quadrant. This map was prepared by Emanuel Bowen as plate no. 17 for the 1747 issue of A Complete System of Geography.
Date: 1747 (undated)
Source: Bowen, E., A Complete System of Geography. Being a description of all the countries, islands, cities, chief towns, harbours, lakes, and rivers, mountains, mines, etc., of the known world …, (London) 1747.
References: Rumsey 3733.016. Philips (atlases) 614 (1752 edition).
Cartographer: Emanuel Bowen (1714-1767) had the high distinction to be named Royal Mapmaker to both to King George II of England and Louis XV of France. Based in London from 1714 onwards, Bowen was highly regarded for producing some of the largest, most detailed, most accurate and most attractive maps of his era. He is known to have worked with some of the most prominent cartographic names of the period including Herman Moll, John Owen, and Thomas Kitchin. Despite his renown and success, Bowen, like many cartographers, died in poverty. Upon Emanuel Bowen's death, his cartographic work was taken over by his son, Thomas Bowen (?? - 1790) who also died in poverty. Click here for a list of rare maps from Emanuel Bowen.
Size: Printed area measures 9.5 x 13 inches (24.13 x 33.02 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 2650000
Condition: Very good. Blank on verso. Original platemark visible.
Code: GermanySE-bowen-1747 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: Bowen , Central Europe