Preliminary Chart of Hudson River Sheet No. 3 from Poughkeepsie to Glasco New York.
1862 (dated) 40 x 14 in (101.6 x 35.56 cm)
1 : 40000
A beautiful 1862 U. S. Coast Survey nautical chart or maritime map of the Hudson River, New York. The map covers the course of the Hudson River from Glasco to Poughkeepsie. It includes detailed notes on tides, light houses and a wealth of other practical information for the mariner. The chart offers countless depth soundings in feet and several navigational notes, but little inland detail. However, it does identify several settlements and towns including New Paltz, Roosevelt, West Park, Dinsmore, Port Ewen, Rhinebeck ,Barrytown and several others.
The triangulation for this map was executed by E. Blunt. The Hydrography was accomplished by a party under the command of A. Murray and C. M. Fauntleroy. The whole was compiled under the supervision of A. D. Bache, one of the most influential American cartographers of the 19th century. This chart represents plate no. 12 in A. D. Bache's 1862 Report of the Superintendent of the United States Coast Survey.
The Office of the Coast Survey, founded in 1807 by President Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of Commerce Albert Gallatin, is the oldest scientific organization in the U.S. Federal Government. Jefferson created the "Survey of the Coast," as it was then called, in response to a need for accurate navigational charts of the new nation's coasts and harbors. The spirit of the Coast Survey was defined by its first two superintendents. The first superintendent of the Coast Survey was Swiss immigrant and West Point mathematics professor Ferdinand Hassler. Under the direction of Hassler, from 1816 to 1843, the ideological and scientific foundations for the Coast Survey were established. These included using the most advanced techniques and most sophisticated equipment as well as an unstinting attention to detail. Hassler's devised a labor intensive triangulation system whereby the entire coast was divided into a series of enormous triangles. These were intern subdivided into smaller triangulation units that were then individually surveyed. Employing this exacting technique on such a massive scale had never before been attempted. Consequently Hassler and the Coast Survey under him developed a reputation for uncompromising dedication to the principles of accuracy and excellence. Unfortunately, despite being a masterful surveyor, Hassler was abrasive and politically unpopular, twice loosing congressional funding for the Coast Survey. Nonethelss, Hassler lead the Coast Survey until his death in 1843, at which time Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, took the helm. Bache was fully dedicated to the principles established by Hassler, but proved more politically astute and successfully lobbied Congress liberally fund the endeavor. Under the leadership of A. D. Bache, the Coast Survey completed its most important work. Moreover, during his long tenure with the Coast Survey, from 1843 to 1865, Bache was a steadfast advocate of American science and navigation and in fact founded the American Academy of Sciences. Bache was succeeded by Benjamin Pierce who ran the Survey from 1867 to 1874. Pierce was in turn succeeded by Carlile Pollock Patterson who was Superintendent from 1874 to 1881. In 1878, under Patterson's superintendence, the U.S. Coast Survey was reorganized as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (C & GS or USGS) to accommodate topographic as well as nautical surveys. Today the Coast Survey is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA.
Bache, A. D., Report of the Superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, (Washington) 1862.
Very good. Minor wear along original fold lines. Professionally flattened and backed with archival paper.