1943 or Showa 18 World War II Era Japanese Map of India and Pakistan (pre-independence)

India-showa18-1943
$250.00
India.
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1943 or Showa 18 World War II Era Japanese Map of India and Pakistan (pre-independence)

India-showa18-1943

$250.00

Title


India.
  1943 (undated)    30 x 21 in (76.2 x 53.34 cm)     1 : 7000000

Description


This is a beautiful 1943 or Showa 18 large format map of India, issued by the Japanese during World War II. It covers all of India and Pakistan in great detail, and includes Sri Lanka. The map offers superb detail regarding topographic and political features and notes cities, roads, and trade routes on air, sea and land. Shading is used to display oceanic depths. Includes two insets in the lower quadrants.

This map was issued while India was in the midst of its struggle for freedom. The British Raj however, was still in control of the country, which led to India's participation in World War II.

This map was created by the Japanese during World War II and issued as part of a 20 map Series of Great East Asia Maps, detailing parts of Asia and the Pacific. All text is in Japanese.

Cartographer


Japanese cartography appears as early as the 1600s. Japanese maps are known for their exceptional beauty and high quality of workmanship. Early Japanese cartography has its own very distinctive projection and layout system. Japanese maps made prior to the appearance of Commodore Perry and the opening of Japan in the mid to late 1850s often have no firm directional orientation, incorporate views into the map proper, and tend to be hand colored woodblock prints. This era, from the 1600s to the c. 1855, which roughly coincides with the Tokugawa or Edo Period (1603-1886), some consider the Golden Age of Japanese Cartography. Most maps from this period, which followed isolationist ideology, predictably focus on Japan. The greatest cartographer of the period, whose work redefined all subsequent cartography, was Ino Tadataka (1745 -1818). Ino's maps of Japan were so detailed that, when the European cartographers arrived they had no need, even with their far more sophisticated survey equipment, to remap the region. Later Japanese maps, produced in the late Edo and throughout the Meiji period, draw heavily upon western maps as models in both their content and overall cartographic style. While many of these later maps maintain elements of traditional Japanese cartography such as the use of rice paper, woodblock printing, and delicate hand color, they also incorporate western directional orientation, projection systems, and structural norms. Even so, Japan's isolationist policy kept most western maps from reaching Japan so even 19th century maps appear extremely out of date. The early Japanese maps copy the great 1602 Chinese world map of the friar Matto Ricci. After Shiba Kokan's 1792 map, most Japanese cartographers used Covens and Mortier's 1730 copy of Jaillot's 1689 double hemisphere work as their base world-view. In 1862 Seiyo Sato based a new world map on Dutch sources dating to 1857, thus introducing the Mercator projection to Japan. By the late Meiji Era, western maps became far more common in Asia and Japanese maps began to follow modern conventions.

Condition


Very good. Minor wear and toning along original fold lines. Overall spotting and toning. Comes with original cover no. 19.