1700 De Fer Map of Europe
Description: This is a beautiful 1700 map of Europe by Nicholas De Fer. It covers the entire continent including Iceland and the northern coast of Africa, Asia Minor and parts of the Middle East. The map renders the entire region in extraordinary detail offering both topographical and political information with mountains beautifully rendered in profile. The map follows early French cartographers with the prime meridian running through the Isle de Fer (El Hierro), the farthest and southernmost of the Canary Islands. In 1634, King Louis XIII decided that the prime meridian should run through this island, since according to Ptolemy, it was considered the westernmost point of the Old World. This map was created by Nicholas De Fer for his 1701 Atlas.
Date: 1700 (dated)
Source: Fer, Nicholas de, Cartes et Descriptions Generales et Particulieres pour l'intelligence des affaires du temps, au sujet de la Succession de la Couronne d'Espagne, en Europe, en Asie, Afrique, et Amerique, (Paris) 1701.
References: Rumsey 2900.003 (1717 edition).
Cartographer: Nicholas de Fer (1646 - 1720) was the son of cartographer Antoine de Fer. Nicholas was established as an engraver, cartographer, and map publisher in Paris. De Fer was a prolific cartographer with over 600 maps and atlases to his credit. De Fer's work, though replete with geographical errors, earned a large following because of its considerable decorative appeal. In the late 17th century, De Fer's fame culminated in his appointment as Geographe de le Dauphin, a position that offered him unprecedented access to the most up to date new cartographic information. This was a partner position to another simultaneously held by the more scientific geographer Guillaume Delisle, Premier Geograph de Roi. Despite very different cartographic approaches, Delisle and De Fer seem to have stepped carefully around one another and were rarely publicly at odds. Upon his death in 1720, Nicolas was succeeded by two of his sons-in-law, Guillaume Danet and Jacques-Francois Danet, and their heirs, who continued to publisher under the De Fer imprint until about 1760. Click here for a list of rare maps from Nicholas de Fer.
Size: Printed area measures 13.5 x 9.5 inches (34.29 x 24.13 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 26500000
Condition: Very good. Minor wear along original centerfold. Original platemark visible.
Code: LEurope-defer-1700 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: De Fer