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1905 U.S. Coast Survey Map of the Long Island Sound, Connecticut Coast, and North Fork


Plum Island To Stratford Shoal Long Island Sound.
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Title:    Plum Island To Stratford Shoal Long Island Sound.

Description:    This is an impressive large format rolling 1907 nautical chart or maritime map of the Long Island Sound, Long Island's North Fork, and Connecticut Coast in the vicinity of New Haven. Issued by the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, this map covers from Stratford, Connecticut, Port Jefferson, Long Island and Setauket, Long Island and extends eastward as far as Niantic, Connecticut, Plum Inland, and Oyster Ponds. It further includes the Connecticut cities of New Haven, Milford, Branford, Stony Creek, Guilford, Madison, Clinton, Westbrook and Saybrook; and the Long Island cities of Port Jefferson, Herod's Point, Riverhead, Jamesport, Flanders, New Suffolk, Robbins Island, Southold, Great Hog Neck, Greenport, east Marion, Oyster Ponds, Orient Point, Sag Harbor, Shelter Island, and Horton's Neck.

As a fascinating side not, this chart identifies Tesla's Tower (Wardenclyffe Tower) in Shoreham, Long Island. This tower, designed by the controversial genius physicist Nikola Tesla, was built in 1901 and intended to facilitate trans-Atlantic wireless transmission of power. The project was never completed and its failure - though in fact the experiment may have worked - precipitated Tesla's financial ruin.

The chart was first issued in 1848, the present example having been updated to 1905. As a whole this chart offers exceptional detail both inland at sea. Countless depth soundings in feet dot the Long Island Sound and adjacent harbors, inlets, and bays. Issued by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey under the supervision of O. H. Tittman.


Date:    1905 (dated)

Cartographer:    The Office of the Coast Survey, founded in 1807 by President Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of Commerce Albert Gallatin, is the oldest scientific organization in the U.S. Federal Government. Jefferson created the "Survey of the Coast," as it was then called, in response to a need for accurate navigational charts of the new nation's coasts and harbors. The spirit of the Coast Survey was defined by its first two superintendents. The first superintendent of the Coast Survey was Swiss immigrant and West Point mathematics professor Ferdinand Hassler. Under the direction of Hassler, from 1816 to 1843, the ideological and scientific foundations for the Coast Survey were established. These included using the most advanced techniques and most sophisticated equipment as well as an unstinting attention to detail. Hassler's devised a labor intensive triangulation system whereby the entire coast was divided into a series of enormous triangles. These were intern subdivided into smaller triangulation units that were then individually surveyed. Employing this exacting technique on such a massive scale had never before been attempted. Consequently Hassler and the Coast Survey under him developed a reputation for uncompromising dedication to the principles of accuracy and excellence. Unfortunately, despite being a masterful surveyor, Hassler was abrasive and politically unpopular, twice loosing congressional funding for the Coast Survey. Nonethelss, Hassler lead the Coast Survey until his death in 1843, at which time Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, took the helm. Bache was fully dedicated to the principles established by Hassler, but proved more politically astute and successfully lobbied Congress liberally fund the endeavor. Under the leadership of A. D. Bache, the Coast Survey completed its most important work. Moreover, during his long tenure with the Coast Survey, from 1843 to 1865, Bache was a steadfast advocate of American science and navigation and in fact founded the American Academy of Sciences. Bache was succeeded by Benjamin Pierce who ran the Survey from 1867 to 1874. Pierce was in turn succeeded by Carlile Pollock Patterson who was Superintendent from 1874 to 1881. In 1878, under Patterson's superintendence, the U.S. Coast Survey was reorganized as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (C & GS or USGS) to accommodate topographic as well as nautical surveys. Today the Coast Survey is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA. Click here for a list of rare maps from the U. S. Coast Survey.

Size:   Printed area measures 43.5 x 32 inches (110.49 x 81.28 centimeters)

Condition:    Very good. Professionally flattened and backed on fresh linen.

Code:   LongIslandSoundConnecticut-uscs-1905 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)


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