New England, the West Indies, Northeastern South America (Unitled Globe Gore).
1688 (undated) 18.25 x 11.5 in (46.355 x 29.21 cm)
A fine example of Vincenzo Coronelli's extremely rare 1688 globe gore of Eastern America. Covers from Newfoundland south along the New England and Virginia coastlines to the Bahamas (Gigante) and the West Indies, showing parts of Cuba and all of Hispaniola, Porto Rico and the Lesser Antilles, as well as the northern parts of South America from modern day Venezuela to the Orinoco Delta and the Guianas.
As Royal Cartographer to King Louis XIV of France, Coronelli had access to the most recent cartographic records coming from the New World – particularly form the French occupied territories in North America and the West Indies. Advocating French control of much of North America, Coronelli limits New England (Nuoua Inghilterra) to the regions immediately surrounding Cape Cod and Boston Harbor. Similarly, New York (Nuoua Iorck) is confined to the coastal lands near New York City, Connecticut and Long Island. Though largely supplemented by the British by the time Coronelli drew this map, he recognizes Sweden's claims to New Sweden (Nuoua Suecia) in the vicinity of Delaware Bay. The West Indies are drawn with considerable accuracy with notations for cities, ports, islands, and references to the powers that controlled them. Offers good though somewhat inaccurate detail of South America's mountain and river systems, particularly the Orinoco.
Additionally, this map also shows several important sailing routes including both northern and southern routes to Europe. Decorated by several vignettes including cod fishermen off the coast of New England, frolicking Mentees, and two rowboats plying the Atlantic. Also depicts many of the important cod fishing banks between Cape Cod and Newfoundland.
This beautiful gore was originally drawn by Coronelli as part of his fantastic 42 inch 'Terresterial Globe.' Several examples of this magnificent globe are prized today by institutional collections in Europe and America. Far rarer are the atlases that Coronelli published from his globe gores. The Libro Dei Globi, published in 1693 and again in 1701, is the first and likely the finest example of a world atlas composed entirely of globe gores. Only seven complete examples of this rare atlas are known to have survived to modern times.
Vincenzo Maria Coronelli (August 16, 1650 - December 9, 1718) was an important 17th century cartographer and globe maker based in Venice. Coronelli was born the fifth child of a tailor in Venice. Unlikely to inherit his father's business, he instead apprenticed in Ravenna to a woodcut artist. Around 1663, Coronelli joined the Franciscan Order and in 1671, entered the Venetian convent of Saint Maria Gloriosa dei Frari. Coronelli excelled in the fields of cosmography, mathematics, and geography. Though his works include the phenomenal Atlante Veneto, Coronelli is best known for his globes. In 1678 Coronelli was commissioned to make his first major globes by Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma. Each superbly engraved globe was five feet in diameter. Louis IV of France, having heard of the magnificent Parma globes, invited Coronelli to Paris where he constructed an even more impressive pair of gigantic globes measuring over 12 feet in diameter and weighing 2 tons each. Coronelli returned to Venice and continued to published globes, maps, and atlases which were admired all over Europe for their beauty, accuracy, and detail. He had a particular fascination for the Great Lakes region and his early maps of this area were unsurpassed in accuracy for nearly 100 years after their initial publication. He is also well known for his groundbreaking publication of the first accurate map depicting the sources of the Blue Nile. At the height of his career, Coronelli founded the world's first geographical society, the Accademia Cosmografica degli Argonauti and was awarded the official title Cosmographer of the Republic of Venice. In 1699, in recognition of his extraordinary accomplishment and scholarship, Coronelli was also appointed Father General of the Franciscan Order. The great cartographer and globe maker died in Venice at the age of 68. His extraordinary globes can be seen today at the Bibliothèque Nationale François Mitterrand in Paris, Biblioteca Marciana in Venice, in the National Library of Austria and in the Globe Museum in Vienna, in the library of Stift Melk, in the Special Collections Library of Texas Tech University, as well as lesser works in Trier, Prague, London, and Washington D.C. Coronelli's work is notable for its distinctive style, which is characterized by high quality white paper, dark intense impressions, detailed renderings of topographical features in profile, and numerous cartographic innovations.
Coronelli, Vincento. Libro dei Globi, 1693 edition.
Near flawless. Wide clean margins. Orignal pressmark visible. Blank on verso.
Wallis, H., Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, series of Atlases in Facimile, Vol. IV, introduction. Boston Public Library, Norman Leventhal Map Center, (call number).