1816 Thomson Map of the Northern Hemisphere and the Arctic
Description: This is a beautiful hand colored 1816 map by Edinburgh cartographer John Thomson depicting the Northern Hemisphere projected on the plane of the horizon of London. It covers all of North America, Europe, Asia and Africa as well as the northern parts of South America. Impressive detail encompasses both political and geographic features. The routes of Captain Cook are noted throughout. The map also notes the Bherings (Bering) Island off the Kamchatka Peninsula with a note reading 'Where he died in 1741'. In Africa, the mythical Mountains of Kong are shown extending eastward to join with the Mountains of the Moon – mythical source of the Nile River. Exhibits a general lack of information regarding the Arctic and connects Greenland with the mainland. Seems to leave the possibility of a Northeast, though not a Northwest, passage open. This map was engraved by J. and G. Menzies and published by Baldwin and Cradock in Thomson's New General Atlas.
Date: 1816 (dated)
Source: Thomson, J., A new general atlas, consisting of a series of geographical designs, on various projections, exhibiting the form and component parts of the globe; and a collection of maps and charts, delineating the natural and political divisions of the empires, kingdoms, and states in the World. (1817 edition).
References: Rumsey 1007.007. Phillips (Atlases) 731. Newberry Library: Ayer +135 T4 1817.
Cartographer: John Thomson was one of the leading masters of the Edinburgh school of cartography which flourished from roughly 1800 to 1830. Thomson & his contemporaries (Pinkerton & Cary) redefined European cartography by abandoning typical 18th century decorative elements such as elaborate title cartouches and fantastic beasts in favor of detail and accuracy. Thomson's principle works include the "Thomson's New General Atlas" published from 1814 to 1827 and his "Atlas of Scotland". The "Atlas of Scotland", a work of groundbreaking detail and dedication would eventually bankrupt the Thomson firm in 1830. Today Thomson maps are becoming increasingly rare as they are highly admired for their monumental size, vivid hand coloration, and superb detail. Click here for a list of rare maps from John Thomson.
Cartographer: Robert Baldwin and Cradock (early 19th Century) were London based published working in the early to mid 19th century. They are best known for their publication of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge's ground breaking subscription atlas. They also published John Thomson's magnificent New General Atlas from 1814 - c. 1820. In addition to their cartographic corpus, the firm had wide ranging publishing interests in many other areas, including books, broadsides, and an investment in Blackwoods Magazine. They had their offices at 47 Paternoster Row, London, England. Click here for a list of rare maps by Baldwin & Cradock.
Size: Printed area measures 21 x 23 inches (53.34 x 58.42 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 41000000
Condition: Very good. Original platemark visible. Original centerfold visible. Minor toning and foxing.
Code: NorthernHemi-thomson-1816 (to order by phone call: 646-483-0487)
Tags: Thomson , Mountains of the Moon , Vitus Bering