1701 De Fer Map of Flanders (Belgium, Luxembourg, Holland)
Description: This is an attractive 1701 map of Flanders by Nicholas De Fer. The map depicts modern day Belgium and Luxemburg along with parts of Germany, France and Holland, a region commonly called Flanders at the time. It covers from Breda south as far as Thionville and from Boulogne eastward to Aachen. Includes the regions of Flanders, Artois, Picardie, Champagne, Liege, Brabant, Limburg, Hainault, Luxemburg and Juliers. The entire region is rendered in extraordinary detail, offering topographical and political information.
This map was made after the end of the Eighty Years' War (1568-1648) when the Low Countries were divided into the United Provinces and Southern Netherland, of which Luxembourg became part of. This portion of the Netherlands was known successively as the Habsburg Netherlands, the Spanish Netherlands, and the Austrian Netherlands, until, in 1795, Napoleonic forces invaded and set up a new French client state, the Batavian Republic. The Low Countries, until 1581 part of the Seventeen United Provinces, were reunited by the 1815 Congress of Vienna as the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
br> All in all, a very interesting and attractive map of Belgium to appear in the beginning of the 18th century. This map was engraved by Harmanus van Loon and created by Nicholas De Fer for his 1701 Atlas.
Date: 1701 (dated)
Source: Fer, Nicholas de, Cartes et Descriptions Generales et Particulieres pour l'intelligence des affaires du temps, au sujet de la Succession de la Couronne d'Espagne, en Europe, en Asie, Afrique, et Amerique, (Paris) 1701.
Cartographer: Nicholas de Fer (1646 - 1720) was the son of cartographer Antoine de Fer. Nicholas was established as an engraver, cartographer, and map publisher in Paris. De Fer was a prolific cartographer with over 600 maps and atlases to his credit. De Fer's work, though replete with geographical errors, earned a large following because of its considerable decorative appeal. In the late 17th century, De Fer's fame culminated in his appointment as Geographe de le Dauphin, a position that offered him unprecedented access to the most up to date new cartographic information. This was a partner position to another simultaneously held by the more scientific geographer Guillaume Delisle, Premier Geograph de Roi. Despite very different cartographic approaches, Delisle and De Fer seem to have stepped carefully around one another and were rarely publicly at odds. Upon his death in 1720, Nicolas was succeeded by two of his sons-in-law, Guillaume Danet and Jacques-Francois Danet, and their heirs, who continued to publisher under the De Fer imprint until about 1760. Click here for a list of rare maps from Nicholas de Fer.
Cartographer: Harmanus van Loon (fl. c. 1690 - c. 1725) was a Flemish engraver active in Paris during the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Van Loon worked primarily in Paris and often signed his work, which includes maps and other engravings for such prominent cartographers as Nicolas de Fer, Jean Baptiste Nolin, Guillaume Delisle, and others. There is some speculation that he may have been related to the Brussels born painter Theodorus van Loon. Click here for a list of rare maps by H. Van Loon.
Size: Printed area measures 13.5 x 9 inches (34.29 x 22.86 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 1000000
Condition: Very good. Minor wear along original centerfold. Original platemark visible. Minor spotting. Verso repair over left margin and border near scale.
Code: PaisBasCatoliqueFlandre-defer-1701 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: De Fer , Western Europe