1829 Lapie Map of Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador

Carte du Perou et du Haut Perou.

1829 Lapie Map of Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador


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Carte du Perou et du Haut Perou.
  1829 (dated)    16.5 x 22 in (41.91 x 55.88 cm)


A fine first edition example of M. Lapie's 1829 map of Peru, ecuador, and Bolivia. The map shows all of Peru and Upper Peru (modern day Bolivia) from the Pacific Ocean to Brazil and from Colombia to Argentina (La Plata) and Chile.

During this time in history, Upper Peru, as with much of South America, was in the midst a struggle for independence from Spain. Conflicts began in 1809 and lasted 16 years before it was established as a republic and named ‘Republic of Bolivar' in honor of Simón Bolívar, a leader in the Latin American Wars of Independence. Around the same time, in 1821, Peru was proclaimed independent. Antonio Jose de Sucre, a Venezuelan independence leader and one of Simón Bolívar's closest friends, was given an option of either unite with the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, stay under the newly formed Republic of Peru, or create and new nation. He chose the latter.

This map was engraved by Armand Joseph Lallemand as plate no. 49 in the first edition of M. Lapie's important Atlas Universel. This map, like all maps from the Atlas Universel features an embossed stamp from the Lapie firm.


Pierre M. Lapie (fl. 1779 - 1850) and his son Alexandre Emile Lapie (fl. 1809 - 1850) were French cartographers and engravers active in the early part of the 19th century. The Lapies were commissioned officers in the French army holding the ranks of Colonel and Capitan, respectively. Alexander enjoyed the title of "First Geographer to the King", and this title appears on several of his atlases. Both father and son were exceptional engravers and fastidious cartographers. Working separately and jointly they published four important atlases, an 1811 Atlas of the French Empire (Alexander), the 1812 Atlas Classique et Universel (Pierre), the Atlas Universel de Geographie Ancienne et Modern (joint issue), and the 1848 Atlas Militaire (Alexander). They also issued many smaller maps and independent issues. All of these are products of exceptional beauty and detail. Despite producing many beautiful maps and atlases, the work of the Lapie family remains largely underappreciated by most modern collectors and map historians. The later 19th century cartographer A. H. Dufour claimed to be a student of Lapie, though it is unclear if he was referring to the father or the son. The work of the Lapie firm, with its precise engraving and informational density, strongly influenced the mid-19th century German commercial map publishers whose maps would eventually dominate the continental market.

Armand Joseph Lallemand (c. 1810 - 1871) was an engraver and map publisher based in Paris during the mid-19th century. Most of Lallemand's work focused on landscapes and building vies, though he did take part in a few cartographic ventures, including the production of an atlas with Alexandre Emile Lapie and several tourist pocket maps of Paris.


Lapie, M., Atlas Universel de Geographie. Ancienne et Moderne, precede d'un Abrege de Geographic Physique et Historique…, 1829. (Rumsey identifies this as the first edition of Lapie's Atlas Universel. In all known examples, the title page is dated 1829 while the maps are dated variously to 1833 - suggesting that the first issue of this atlas was 1833, not 1829.)    


Very good. Original platemark visible. Blank on verso. Original centerfold.


Rumsey 2174.049. Phillips (Atlases) 754, 765.