1869 Toudy and Dye Wall Map of Philadelphia
Description: An exceptional 1869 folding wall map of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by John H. Dye and Henry J. Toudy. This map covers the urban center of Philadelphia along both sides the Delaware and Lehigh Rivers from roughly Germantown to Red Bank and from Haddington to Camden. The map's extraordinary detail and large scale enables it to show every single street, alley, waterworks, public building, cemetery, railroad, and park then extant. Tables to the right and left of the map proper identify countless public institutions ranging from libraries to offices, banks, government institutions, military installations, hospitals, colleges, asylums, dispensaries, ferries, safe deposit companies, railroad companies, and benevolent associations, among others.
Dye and Toudy's work marks a major milestone in the mapping of Philadelphia and when published was the largest and most detailed map of Philadelphia yet produced. In 1865 Dye was commissioned to head the city Registrar's Office, a newly established branch of the Philadelphia Survey Department. The Registrar's office complied and catalogued existing maps and surveys of Philadelphia as well as commissioned new ones and the city grew and expanded. In 1854, the Act of Consolidation expanded Philadelphia well beyond its original borders and the following decade witnessed an extraordinary period of urban development and reconstruction. Notable projects included the commissioning and construction of Fairmount Park (1867-1868), the redevelopment of the city sewage system, a major population explosion, and a subsequent major redistricting of city wards. No one was in a better position to recognize the need for a new comprehensive map of Philadelphia than the city Registrar John Dye. Dye commissioned the well-known Philadelphia lithographer and printer, Henry J. Toudy to publish his newly complied plan, this map, a cartographic construction well beyond the scale and detail of any Philadelphia plan yet imagined. This sprawling production, because of Dye's special position took on an official capacity, earning the approval and thanks of Philadelphia's Mayor and the Common Council, who issued a public statement to that effect:
Thanks be and are hereby given to Messrs H. J. Toudy and Co for the large and useful Map of the City presented by them.In so far as we can tell, Dye and Toudy never promoted or offered their map publicly, making it exceptionally rare with only two other examples known, one in the Huntington Library and other held by the Bibliotheque Nationale de France. This is the only known example to have ever appeared on the public market.
Date: 1869 (dated)
References: Huntington Library, 093:575 M. OCLC 495093079.
Cartographer: Henry J. Toudy (fl. c. 1857 - c. 1877) was an American lithographer, engraver, and map publisher active in Philadelphia during the middle part of the 19th century. Little is known of Toudy's parentage or early life, but he established a steam lithography press in Philadelphia around 1856. Toudy was best known as a printer of city and town views, with many such productions bearing his imprint. He also published portraits, railroad bonds, stock certificates, and map. Toudy's original offices were located at 503 and 505 Chestnuts Streets. Insurance records suggest that Toudy's Chestnut Street offices were gutted by fire on March 25, 1879. Records suggest that the Toudy firm was reestablished in 1884 at 829 Walnut Street. In 1892 a Henry J. Toudy is recorded as the owner of the Greenback Coilliery, a mine in Shamokin, PA famous for a terrible explosion that had occurred years earlier under another owner. It is unclear if they are the same person or possibly related, but such is neither unlikely nor impossible. Click here for a list of rare maps by Henry J. Toudy.
Cartographer: John H. Dye (September 9, 1833 - 19??) was a Philadelphia based draughtsman, government official, surveyor, and mapmaker active in the middle part of the 19th century. Dye was born in Kensington, Pennsylvania, to which his parents William and Christiana Dye migrated after leaving Rhode Island. Dye studied civil engineering under James P. Davis, his uncle, and took a position under Strickland Niece, chief engineer of Philadelphia. In 1865 Dye was appointed to create and manage the Registry Bureau of the Philadelphia Survey Department, a position which he held for 31 years. The bureau, under Dye's direction compiled and sold Philadelphia city and district plans for both official and public use, these included civic improvement, legal matters, land purchase and sale, cemetery management, and the construction of the city's sewer system. Dye served as a Union officer in the American Civil War. He was also active in his local Masonic Lodge, where he attained the 32nd degree of the Scottish Rite. Later, in 1885 he was elected Chair of the Engineers Club of Philadelphia. Die was active until at least 1896. The date and place of his death is unknown. Click here for a list of rare maps by John H. Dye.
Size: Printed area measures 51 x 62 inches (129.54 x 157.48 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 13400
Condition: Dissected and mounted on linen. Map exhibits full professional restoration and some discoloration from older glues.
Code: Philadelphia-toudy-1869 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)