1783 Janvier Map of Western Russia
Description: A beautiful 1783 example of Jean Janvier's curious decorative map of Western Russia. The map covers from Poland and the Baltic Sea eastward as far as Ilimskoy, Siberia, and extends southwards to the Black Sea and north as far as Nouvelle Zembla and the Arctic. Ostensibly Janvier's map focuses on the most inhabited portions of the Russian empire in europe and Asia. If offers excellent detail throughout showing mountains, rivers, forests, national boundaries, regional boundaries, forts, and cities.
Russia at this time was dominated by Catherine II, the Great. Catherine was born a German princess but inherited the Tsardom after murdering her husband, Peter III. Catherine was an ambitious ruler who nonetheless patronized the arts, science and learning. She contributed to the resurgence of the Russian nobility that began after the death of Peter the Great. Catherine promulgated Charter to the Gentry reaffirming rights and freedoms of the Russian nobility, and abolishing mandatory state service. She expand Russian rule into Poland and was instrumental in two of Poland's three major partitions. She was less well loved by Russia's countless serfs, who she reduced practically to the level of chattel slaves and whose revolt she crushed in 1773. This particularly harsh treatment of the peasant class eventually lead to widespread discontent that would eventually culminate, long after Catherine's death, in the bloody Bolshevik Revolution.
A large baroque title appears in the upper right quadrant. Drawn by Jan Janvier around 1883 for issue as plate no. 22 in Jean Lattre's 1783 final issue of the Atlas Moderne.
Date: 1783 (undated)
Source: Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c. 1783.
References: Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215.
Cartographer: Jean or Robert Janvier (fl. 1746 - 1776) was a Paris based cartographer active in the mid to late 18th century. Janvier true first name is a matter of debate, as it appears as it often appears as either Jean or Robert. More commonly, Janvier simply signed his maps Signor Janvier. By the late 18th century Janvier seems to have been awarded the title of "Geographe Avec Privilege du Roi" and this designations appears on many of his latter maps. Janvier worked with many of the most prominent French, English and Italian map publishers of his day, including Faden, Lattre, Bonne, Santini, Zannoni, Delamarche, and Desnos. Click here for a list of rare maps by Janvier.
Cartographer: Jean Lattre (fl. 1743 - 1793) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattre published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattre brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattre's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France. Click here for a list of rare maps by Jean Lattre.
Size: Printed area measures 18 x 13 inches (45.72 x 33.02 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 7763733
Condition: Very good condition. Minor centerfold toning. Blank on verso. Platemark visible.
Code: RussiaWest-janvier-1783 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)