Scotia Regnum cum insulis adjacentibus.
1662 (undated) 17 x 22 in (43.18 x 55.88 cm)
1 : 1400000
This is a beautiful map of the Kingdom of Scotland by Joan Blaeu in 1662. Essentially divided into two panels within a single border, the panel on the left depicts Scotland from its southern border to Orkney Islands, including the Outer Hebrides and the right panel depicts the Orkney Islands and the Shetland Islands. Numerous towns, cities, rivers and other topography is noted throughout, with relief shown in profile.
This map was first published by Blaeu in the first atlas dedicated to Scotland published in 1654 and is based on the surveys of Robert Gordon of Straloch, who Blaeu called the 'Doyen of Geographers.' Prior to the surveys of Robert Gordon, mapmakers were dependent on the earlier maps of Gerard Mercator, whose map were the standard for more than sixty years before the work of Robert Gordon was published under Blaeu's sponsorship. Blaeu went on to publish an atlas dedicated to Scotland, which included general and county maps based on the work of Robert Gordon and Timothy Pont.
Two beautifully engraved title cartouches are included in each panel. The coat of arms of Jacob Hamilton, to whom this map is dedicated, in included in the bottom right quadrant. This map was issued in the 1662 Latin edition of Blaeu's magnificent Geographiae Blavianae or Atlas Major.
The Amsterdam based Blaeu clan represents the single most important family in the history of cartography. The firm was founded in 1596 by Willem Janzoon Blaeu (1571-1638). It was in this initial period, from 1596 to 1672, under the leadership of the Willem Blaeu and with this assistance of his two talented sons Cornelius (1616-1648) and Johannis (1596-1673), that the firm was most active. Their greatest cartographic achievement was the publication of the magnificent multi-volume Atlas Major. To this day, the Atlas Major represents one of the finest moments in cartography. The vast scope, staggering attention to detail, historical importance, and unparalleled beauty of this great work redefined the field of cartography in ways that have endured well into to the modern era. The cartographic works of the Blaeu firm are the crowning glory of the Dutch Golden Age of Cartography. The firm shut down in 1672 when their offices were destroyed during the Great Amsterdam Fire. The fire also destroyed all of Blaeu's original printing plates and records, an incomparable loss to the history of cartography.
Blaeu J., Geographiae Blavianae.
Good. Some wear and repair with minor portions missing along original centerfold. Professionally flattened and backed with archival tissue.
Peter van der Krogt, Joan Blaeu Atlas Maior of 1665 Pg. 190, 191. Goss, J. & Clark P., Blaeu - Der grobe Atlas: die Welt im 17. Jahrhundert, pg. 84, 85, (Vienna) 1990.