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1762 Janvier Map of South America


L'Amerique Meridionale divisee en ses principaux Etats.
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Title:    L'Amerique Meridionale divisee en ses principaux Etats.

Description:    A beautiful example of Jan Janvier's 1762 decorative map of South America. Covers from the island of Hispaniola and the Yucatan south to Tierra del Fuego and Cape Horn, east to Africa, and west to Mexico. Details the whole of the South American continent showing mountains, rivers, national boundaries, cities, regions, and tribes. Identifies the mythical Laguna de Xarayes, supposed gateway to paradise or el Dorado, as the northern terminus of the Paraguay River. Also erroneously links the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers. As this map was drawn most of South America was dominated by the vast and increasingly mismanaged Spanish empire. Only Portuguese Brazil and Spanish and Dutch enclaves in Guyana, disrupted the Spain's continental hegemony. All three empires were aggressively exploiting the continent, with the mountainous western regions being rapaciously mined to supply China and europe's desperate need for silver to stabilize their economies, and the coastal lowlands dominated by sprawling sugar plantations intended to satisfy europe's increasingly insatiable sweet tooth. Meanwhile, much of the interior, in particular the Amazon and Orinoco basins remained largely unexplored. A large decorative title cartouche appears in the lower left quadrant. Drawn by J. Janvier c. 1762 for issue as plate no. 33 in Jean Lattre's 1783 final issue of the Atlas Moderne.

Date:    1762 (dated)

Source:    Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c. 1783.    

References:    Rumsey 2612.075. Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215.

Cartographer:    Jean or Robert Janvier (fl. 1746 - 1776) was a Paris based cartographer active in the mid to late 18th century. Janvier true first name is a matter of debate, as it appears as it often appears as either Jean or Robert. More commonly, Janvier simply signed his maps Signor Janvier. By the late 18th century Janvier seems to have been awarded the title of "Geographe Avec Privilege du Roi" and this designations appears on many of his latter maps. Janvier worked with many of the most prominent French, English and Italian map publishers of his day, including Faden, Lattre, Bonne, Santini, Zannoni, Delamarche, and Desnos. Click here for a list of rare maps by Janvier.

Cartographer:    Jean Lattre (fl. 1743 - 1793) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattre published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattre brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattre's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France. Click here for a list of rare maps by Jean Lattre.

Size:   Printed area measures 16 x 12.5 inches (40.64 x 31.75 centimeters)

Scale:    1 : 31000000

Condition:    Very good condition. Original centerfold. Blank on verso. Platemark visible. Minor foxing.

Code:   SouthAmerica2-janvier-1762 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)


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