1809 Pinkerton Map of the Southern States
Description: A scarce and important 1809 map of the southeastern part of the United States by John Pinkerton. The map covers from the Mississippi River eastward to the Atlantic, extending north as far as Delaware, and south to northern Florida and the Mississippi River Delta. The states of Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia are illustrated in full while Florida, Alabama, and Mississippi have yet to appear as either states or territories. Florida was not yet part of the United States but would join ten years after this map was printed in 1819. This map was created during the transitional period of expansion shortly following the American Revolutionary War and is among most thorough treatments of this region prior to the U.S. Government Surveys.
This map is particularly interesting for its detailed treatment of American Indian activity between the Mississippi and the Appalachian Mountains. American Indian nations are noted throughout, including the Creek, Seminole, Apache, Choctaw and Chickasaw, among others. Hunting grounds, villages and fortifications are also identified, sometimes accompanied by the date on which they were destroyed. Pinkerton additionally identifies the Wabash Company, the Jersey Company and the Illinois Company - joint stock ventures formed during the colonial period to acquire, sell, and colonize American Indian lands.
Drawn by L. Herbert and engraved by Samuel Neele under the direction of John Pinkerton. Published in London by 'Cadell and Davies' and 'Longman Hurst Ress & Ormes' for John Pinkerton's
Date: 1809 (dated)
Source: Pinkerton, John, A modern atlas, from the latest and best authorities, exhibiting the various divisions of the world, with its chief empires, kingdoms and states, in sixty maps, carefully reduced from the largest and most authentic sources, (London: Cadell & Davies, Longman Hurst Rees, & Orme) 1811.
References: Rumsey 0732.044. Phillips (atlases) 772.
Cartographer: John Pinkerton (1758-1826) was one of the leading masters of the Edinburgh school of cartography which flourished from roughly 1800 to 1830. Pinkerton & his contemporaries (Thomson & Cary) redefined European cartography by abandoning typical 18th century decorative elements such as elaborate title cartouches and fantastical beasts in favor of detail and accuracy. Pinkerton's principle work is the "Pinkerton's Modern Atlas" published from 1808 through 1815 with a special American reissue by Dobson & Co. in 1818. Today Pinkerton maps are becoming increasingly rare as they are highly admired for their unsurpassed quality, monumental size, vivid hand coloration, and flawless detail. Click here for a list of rare maps from John Pinkerton.
Size: Printed area measures 28 x 20.5 inches (71.12 x 52.07 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 2200000
Condition: Very good. Original centerfold exhibits some wear and verso reinforcement. Ample margins. Blank on verso.
Code: SouthernStates-pinkerton-1809 (to order by phone call: 646-384-4040)