1783 Janvier Map of Spain and Portugal
Description: A beautiful example of Jean Janvier's 1783 decorative map of Spain and Portugal. Janvier's map covers the Iberian Peninsula as well as adjacent parts of France and Africa. The map prominently displays the Balearic Islands of Majorca, Minorca, and Ibiza.
Spain at this time was under the rule of Charles III (1759-1788), a classic enlightened despot whose reforms ushered in a sustained period of Iberian prosperity. Unfortunately, the reforms of Charles III were overturned during the reign of his mentally handicapped son, Charles IV (1788 to abdication in 1808). Dominated by his wife's lover, Manuel de Godoy, Charles IV embarked on policies that regressed Spain to its pre-Charles III state. Spain was ultimately cajoled into an uneasy alliance with France and was consequently blockaded by the British. Charles IV's vacillation, culminating in his failure to honor the alliance by neglecting to enforce the Continental System, led to Napoleon's 1808 invasion of Spain and triggered the Spanish War of Independence.
A large decorative title cartouche of a rococo ethic appears in the upper right quadrant. Drawn by J. Janvier c. 1781 for issue as plate no. 8 in Jean Lattre's 1783 issue of the Atlas Moderne.
Date: 1783 (undated)
Source: Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c. 1783.
References: Rumsey 2612.022. Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215.
Cartographer: Jean or Robert Janvier (fl. 1746 - 1776) was a Paris based cartographer active in the mid to late 18th century. Janvier true first name is a matter of debate, as it appears as it often appears as either Jean or Robert. More commonly, Janvier simply signed his maps Signor Janvier. By the late 18th century Janvier seems to have been awarded the title of "Geographe Avec Privilege du Roi" and this designations appears on many of his latter maps. Janvier worked with many of the most prominent French, English and Italian map publishers of his day, including Faden, Lattre, Bonne, Santini, Zannoni, Delamarche, and Desnos. Click here for a list of rare maps by Janvier.
Cartographer: Jean Lattre (fl. 1743 - 1793) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattre published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattre brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattre's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France. Click here for a list of rare maps by Jean Lattre.
Size: Printed area measures 18 x 13 inches (45.72 x 33.02 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 3600000
Condition: Very good condition. Original centerfold exhibits toning. Blank on verso. Platemark visible.
Code: SpainPortugal-janvier-1783 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)