Spain and Portugal.
1828 (undated) 8.5 x 10.5 in (21.59 x 26.67 cm)
This is an attractive example of the 1828 Malte-Brun map of Spain and Portugal. The map covers the Iberian Peninsula from the Bay of Biscay in the north to the Strait of Gibraltar in the south and from the Atlantic Ocean to Catalonia in the east. The Balearic Islands of Minorca, Majorca, and Ibiza and the southern part of France are also included. The Pyrenees Mountains, the natural boundary between Spain and France, are also identified. During this period, Portugal was on the cusp of the War of the Two Brothers. In 1826, Peter IV of Portugal abdicated his thrown in favor of his seven year old daughter Maria da Gloria, on the condition that she marry her uncle (Peter's brother) Miguel. Miguel deposed Maria and proclaimed himself King, which led to the Liberal Wars, eventually resulting in Miguel being forced to abdicate and go into exile, and Maria II being proclaimed Queen. During this same period, in Spain, the death of Ferdinand VII also saw his daughter, Isabella II, an infant at the time, proclaimed Queen. These events set the stage fo the First Carlist War in Spain from 1833-1839. Various, important rivers, cities and other topographical details are noted. This map was published by Samuel Walker in 1828 as part of the American edition of Conrad Malte-Brun's System of Geography, Vol. I.
Conrad Malte-Brun (August 12, 1755-December 14, 1826) was an important late 18th and early 19th century Danish / French cartographer and revolutionary. Conrad was born in Thisted, Denmark. His parents encouraged him to a career in the Church, but he instead enrolled in the University of Copenhagen. In the liberal hall of academia Conrad became an ardent supporter of of the French Revolution and the ideals of a free press. Despite the harsh censorship laws of crown prince Frederick VI, Malte-Brun published numerous pamphlets criticizing the Danish government. He was finally charged with defying censorship laws in 1799 and forced to flee to Sweden and ultimately France. Along with colleague Edme Mentelle, Malte-Brun published his first cartographic work, the Géographie mathématique, physique et politique de toutes les parties du monde (6 vols., published between 1803 and 1807). Conrad went on to found Les Annales des Voyages (in 1807) and Les Annales des Voyages, de la Géographie et de l'Histoire (in 1819). He also founded the Paris Société de Géographie . In time, Conrad Malte-Brun became known as one of the finest French cartographers of his time. His son Victor Adolphe Malte-Brun (1816 - July 13, 1889) followed in his footsteps, republishing many of Conrad's original 18th century maps as well as producing numerous maps of his own. The Malte-Brun firm operated well into the 1880s.
Malte-Brun, M., System of Geography, Vol. I. (Boston; S. Walker), 1828.
Very good. Blank on verso. Original platemark visible. Overall toning.