1842 S.D.U.K. Map of the Republic of Texas (at fullest) and California
Description: A fine example of the uncommon 1842 Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, or S.D.U.K., map of the pre-Annexation Republic of Texas (1836 - 1846) and Upper California (California Alto). Illustrating Texas at its largest, this map extends from Point St. George, the Snake River, and Mount Shasta, south as far as Cabo San Lucas (Baja California) and San Luis Potosi. It extends eastwards as far as Lake Sabine and the Louisiana/Texas boundary of 1819. This map covers the modern day states of Texas, California, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Nebraska.
Although this map covers a vast area, all of the American southwest, the focus is clearly the nascent Republic of Texas, here in its final year as an independent republic before being annexed into the United States. Texas is presented in its largest iteration show the full extent of the Republic of Texas Claims, with a stovepipe handle extending nearly as far as Cheyanne, Wyoming, and a western border occupying much of modern day New Mexico and Colorado.
The whole is full of idiosyncratic annotations and commentary referencing legends and explorations. For example a note on the California coast notes 'This Coast was first explored by Juan Cobrillos as far as 44° N. in 1542'. In modern day Colorado there is a note that reads 'moquis have comfortable houses and 'Supposed residence of the Aztecs in 12th century', referencing the historical and cartographic speculations of the German nobleman and polymath Alexander von Humboldt. In modern day Arizona a note reads, 'Traversed by the Padres Garces and Fonte in 1775', referencing the Anza Expedition. Where Salt Lake City is today, only the 'American Fur Depot' is noted.
In California tow large lakes appear in the San Joaquin Valley identified as the Lakes of Tule. The southernmost like, called Lake Tulare, dried up in the 1930s when irrigation re-routed its waters supply. Today it makes occasional reappearances when heavy rains soak the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The northernmost lake appears to be entirely speculative and may never have existed. Nonetheless, they were very much a part of the mythos of California even in the 1880 when, Robert Greenhow, writing his History of Oregon and California describes them this
… the Large Lakes of Tule, situated farther south. Of these lakes very little is known; they are said to be two or three in number, forming a chain about one hundred miles long, in the environs of which, is a large population of Natives.This is an important map for any serious southwest collection being, as it was, the most widely disseminated map of the American southwest issued in Europe during the Republic of Texas era. This map is copyrighted 1842, but was issued on Volume two of Chapman and Hall's 1844 edition of Maps of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. It was engraved by John Walker of J. and C. Walker.
Date: 1842 (dated)
Source: Maps of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, (London: Chapman and Hall) The Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (S.D.U.K.) Atlas was initially issued in parts over several years by Baldwin and Craddock to promote the society's mission of egalitarian self-education. The first S.D.U.K. began appearing in 1829 when the society contracted John Walker to produce the first proofs. The first S.D.U.K maps were produced serially by Baldwin and Craddock and issued in 2 map batches, priced at 2 shillings each. The series, originally anticipated to feature 50 maps, ultimately contained 200 and took over 14 years to produce. The initial production was completed in 1844 when the whole was issued in its first compiled atlas edition. Around 1842, following the 1837 bankruptcy of Baldwin and Craddock, publication of the atlas was taken over by the Society itself, who issued editions in 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, and 1842. Overburdened by the work of publishing, they then outsourced the publication to Chapman and Hall in 1842. Chapman and Hall produced editions in 1842, 1843, and 1844. Dissatisfied with the quality of Chapman and Hall printing, the Society turned to another publisher, Charles Knight, who issued editions under the auspices of the Society in 1844, 1845, and 1846. In 1846 Knight officially acquired the plates in his own right and reissued in revised editions until 1852, when he sold them to George Cox. Cox in turn sold them to Edward Stanford who published them from 1856 well into the 1860s. The S.D.U.K. Atlas is known for the quantity and quality of its maps. The S.D.U.K. published many maps of areas largely ignored by other publishers. The many city plans incorporated into the atlas are particularly admired and are the highlight of the S.D.U.K.'s long map publishing history. As a whole the S.D.U.K. Atlas was groundbreaking in terms of quality, scope, and being offer at a cost effective price point.
References: Rumsey 0890.145. Phillips (Atlases) 794. Wheat, C. I., Mapping of the Transmississippi West, 1540-1861 (5 vols), 460 & Vol. II, p. 180. OCLC: 10464243. Taliaferro, H., Cartographic Sources in the Rosenberg Library, 273A. Day, J, Maps of Texas 1527-1900: the map collection of the Texas State Archives, 1472.
Cartographer: The "Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge" was a Whiggish organization founded in 1828 at the instigation of idealistic British lord Henry Peter Brougham. The admirable goal of the Society was to distribute useful information via a series of publications to the English working and middle classes. It promoted self-education and the egalitarian sharing of all knowledge. While closely tied to the London University and publishing houses on the order of Baldwin and Cradock, Chapman and Hall, and Charles Knight, the Society failed to achieve its many lofty goals in finally closed its doors in 1848. Most likely the failure of the Society resulted from its publications being too expensive for its intended lower to middle class markets and yet not large and fine enough to appeal to the aristocratic market. Nonetheless, it did manage to publish several extraordinary atlases of impressive detail and sophistication. Their most prominent atlas consisted of some 200 separately issued maps initially published by Baldwin and Cradock and sold by subscription from 1829 to 1844. Afterwards, the Society combined the maps into a single world atlas published under the Chapman and Hall imprint. In its day, this atlas was unprecedented in its quality, scope, and cost effectiveness. Today Society, or S.D.U.K. as it is commonly known, maps are among the most impressive examples of mid-19th century English mass market cartographic publishing available. The S.D.U.K. is especially known for its beautiful and accurately detailed city plans. Click here for a list of rare maps from The Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge.
Cartographer: Chapman and Hall (fl. 1830 - present) was a British publishing house in London, founded in 1830 by Edward Chapman and William Hall. Upon Hall's death in 1847, Chapman's cousin Frederic Chapman became partner in the company, of which he became sole manager upon the retirement of Edward Chapman in 1864. In 1868 author Anthony Trollope bought a third of the company for his son, Henry Merivale Trollope. From 1902 to 1930 the company's managing director was Arthur Waugh. In the 1930s the company merged with Methuen, a merger which, in 1955 participated in forming the Associated Book Publishers. The latter was acquired by The Thomson Corporation in 1987. Chapman and Hall was sold again in 1998 as part of Thomson Scientific and Professional to Wolters Kluwer, who sold on its well-regarded mathematics and statistics list to CRC Press. Today the name of Chapman and Hall/CRC is used as an imprint for science and technology books by Taylor and Francis, part of the Informa group since 2004. The company is best known for its publication of the works of Charles Dickens (from 1840 until 1844 and again from 1858 until 1870), William Thackeray, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Eadweard Muybridge and Evelyn Waugh. They continued to publish hitherto unpublished Dickens material well into the 20th century. In cartographic circles they are known as the primary publishers of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge Atlas, a massive 200+ map atlas that was popular in England during the mid-19th century. Click here for a list of rare maps by Chapman and Hall.
Cartographer: John Walker (1787 - April 19, 1873) was a British hydrographer and geographer active in London during the 19th century. Walker published both nautical charts and geographical maps. His nautical work is particular distinguished as he was an official hydrographer for the British East India Company, a position, incidentally, also held by his father of the same name. Walker's landside geography, mostly published after 1827, was primarily produced in partnership with his brother Charles Walker under the imprint J. and C. Walker. Among their joint projects are more than 200 maps for the influential Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge Atlas (SDUK). Click here for a list of rare maps by John Walker.
Size: Printed area measures 15.5 x 12 inches (39.37 x 30.48 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 7500000
Condition: Very good. Bears University off California Library Stamp, from which it was deaccessioned, in margin. Blank on verso.
Code: TexasCalifornia-sduk-1842 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: SDUK , Republic of Texas , Texas , Upper California , California Lakes , American West , Great Salt Lake , Westward Migration , Mexican American War