1851 Black Map of the United States
Description: This is a fine example of Adam and Charles Black's 1851 map of the United States. Covers the populous eastern portions of the United States from Lake Superior in the north to the Florida Keys in the south and from Missouri in the west to Maine in the east. The United States at this time was witnessing a period of rapid expansion. With the rise in territorial population to the west of the Mississippi, the eastern states were becoming increasingly divided over the issues of slavery and state vs. federal sovereignty. These tensions would grow over the next 11 years culminating in the American Civil War. Throughout, the map identifies various cities, towns, rivers, lakes, roadways and an assortment of additional topographical details with relief shown in hachures. Map is hand colored in pink, green, blue and yellow pastels to define state boundaries. The map was engraved by Sidney Hall and issued as plate nos. XLVII and XLVIII in the 1851 edition of Black's General Atlas of the World.
Date: 1851 (undated)
Source: Black, A. and C., General Atlas Of The World, (Edinburgh) 1851.
References: Rumsey 2305.055 (1854 edition). Philips (atlases) 4334.
Cartographer: Charles and his uncle Adam Black of Edinburgh, Scotland, founded their publishing firm in 1807. They published a series of maps and atlases throughout the 19th century. In addition to an array of atlases, the Black firm is known for their editions of the Encyclopedia Britannica (1817 - 1826) and the first publishing of Sir Walter Scott's novels in 1854. In 1889 the A. & C. Black publishing house moved to London where it remains in operation to this day. Click here for a list of rare maps by Charles & Adam Black.
Cartographer: Sidney Hall (1788 - 1831) was an English engraver and map publisher active in London during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. His earliest imprints, dating to about 1814, suggest a partnership with Michael Thomson, another prominent English map engraver. Hall engraved for most of the prominent London map publishers of his day, including Aaron Arrowsmith, William Faden, William Harwood, and John Thomson, among others. Hall is credited as being one of the earliest adopters of steel plate engraving, a technique that allowed for finer detail and larger print runs due to the exceptional hardness of the medium. Upon his early death - he was only in his 40s - Hall's business was inherited by his wife, Selina Hall, who continued to publish under the imprint, "S. Hall", presumably for continuity. The business eventually passed to Sidney and Selina's nephew Edward Weller, who became extremely prominent in his own right. Click here for a list of rare maps by Sidney Hall.
Size: Printed area measures 16 x 20.5 inches (40.64 x 52.07 centimeters)
Condition: Very good. Original centerfold. Minor overall toning. Blank on verso. Some foxing.
Code: UnitedStates2-black-1851 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)