1810 Pinkerton Map of the United States (Northeast)
Description: A rare and important 1810 map of the northeastern part of the United States by John Pinkerton. The map covers from Lake Huron and Ohio, extending north as far as Canada and Maine, and south to the Chesapeake Bay and northern Kentucky. The states of New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont are illustrated in full. Ohio and Michigan are collectively identified as the Western Territory and are partially included. The Great Lakes Ontario, Erie, and Huron and represented fully.
Maine, identified here as the 'District of Maine', is given the ambiguous borders associated with the 1783 Treaty of Paris as the end of the American Revolutionary War. As might be expected, Pinkerton's postcolonial sympathies lay heavily with British interests and Maine is here presented as more attached to Canada than the United States. From an American perspective, Maine was considered to be an extension of Massachusetts. In fact, the entire district was sparsely inhabited except along the coast, which was generally lawless and a haven for illegal smuggling and trade between the British Provinces in Canada and the United States. Just two years after this map was made the War of 1812 broke out. The War of 1812 arose over various unresolved issues associated with the American Revolutionary War, including some associated with the Maine border. During the war the British were exceptionally aggressive in this region and seized most of the Maine coastline. It was not returned to the United States until the 1815 Treaty of Ghent.
This map was created during the transitional period of expansion shortly following the American Revolutionary War. As such this is one of the few maps to specifically depict the Connecticut Western Reserve in what is today northeastern Ohio. The Connecticut Reserve is a remnant of Connecticut's original colonial era coast to coast charter. Following the Yankee-Pennamite Wars, Connecticut was forced to surrender the Pennsylvania portions of the charter; however, it retained some lands to the west of Pennsylvnaia and north of the 41st parallel. Connecticut later surrendered these claims in exchange for federal assumptions of its Revolutionary War debt.
Drawn by L. Herbert and engraved by Samuel Neele under the direction of John Pinkerton. Published in London by 'Cadell and Davies' and 'Longman Hurst Ress & Ormes' for John Pinkerton's
Date: 1810 (dated)
Source: Pinkerton, John, A modern atlas, from the latest and best authorities, exhibiting the various divisions of the world, with its chief empires, kingdoms and states, in sixty maps, carefully reduced from the largest and most authentic sources, (London: Cadell & Davies, Longman Hurst Rees, & Orme) 1811.
Cartographer: John Pinkerton (1758-1826) was one of the leading masters of the Edinburgh school of cartography which flourished from roughly 1800 to 1830. Pinkerton & his contemporaries (Thomson & Cary) redefined European cartography by abandoning typical 18th century decorative elements such as elaborate title cartouches and fantastical beasts in favor of detail and accuracy. Pinkerton's principle work is the "Pinkerton's Modern Atlas" published from 1808 through 1815 with a special American reissue by Dobson & Co. in 1818. Today Pinkerton maps are becoming increasingly rare as they are highly admired for their unsurpassed quality, monumental size, vivid hand coloration, and flawless detail. Click here for a list of rare maps from John Pinkerton.
Size: Printed area measures 27.5 x 20 inches (69.85 x 50.8 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 2100000
Condition: Very good. Original centerfold exhibits some wear and verso reinforcement. Offsetting throughout. Blank on verso.
Code: UnitedStatesNE-pinkerton-1810 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)