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1854 Mitchell Map of Ontario, Upper Canada or Canada West


Canada West formerly Upper Canada.
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Price: $150.00
Title:    Canada West formerly Upper Canada.

Description:    An extremely attractive example of S. A. Mitchellís 1854 map of Upper Canada or Ontario, Canada. Centered on Lake Ontario, this map covers from Lake Erie eastward from Detroit, Michigan and Lake Huron at the northwest, as far as Quebec with Grand Manitoulin and Georgian Bay to the north. In the lower right quadrant, a small inset details the Country of York with a larger inset focusing on the vicinity of Niagara Falls. The whole is engraved and colored in Mitchellís distinctive style with green border work and vivid pastels. Political and topographical features are noted and color coded with elevation rendered by hachure.

This mapís detailing of the three lakes, Huron, Erie and Ontario, recalls the Treaty of Reciprocity, in effect from 1854 to 1866. The Treaty was a move towards free trade, in which the United States and Canada opened borders and shared navigation rights.

This map was prepared by S. A. Mitchell for publication by the Philadelphia firm of Thomas Cowperthwait & Co. as plate no. 4 in the 1854 edition of Mitchellís New General Atlas. Dated and copyrighted, "Entered according to act of Congress in the year 1850 by Thomas Cowperthwait & Co. in the Clerk's office of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania."


Date:    1854 (dated 1850)

Source:    Mitchell, S. A., A New Universal Atlas Containing Maps of the various Empires, Kingdoms, States and Republics Of The World, (Thomas Cowperthwait & Co., Philadelphia) 1854.    

References:    Rumsey 0537.005 (1846 edition). Phillips (Atlases) 814.

Cartographer:    Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) Senior began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell teamed up with printer Cowperthwait & Company to produce the Mitchell's Universal Atlas and the Mitchell's General Atlas. In the late 1850s most of the Mitchell copyrights were bought by Desilver and Co. who continued to publish his maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the copyrights back from Desilver and, from 1860 on, published his own New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father and published atlases well into the late 1880s when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time. Click here for a list of rare maps from Samuel Augustus Mitchell.

Size:   Printed area measures 16 x 13 inches (40.64 x 33.02 centimeters)

Condition:    Very good condition. Blank on verso.

Code:   UpperCanada-mitchell-1854 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)


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