Plan de la Rade et Ville de la Vera-cruz. Situee par 19. deg. 10 min. de Lat. Sep. et 100 d. 15 m. a l'Occid de Paris.
1754 (dated) 9 x 6.5 in (22.86 x 16.51 cm)
This hand colored map is a c. 1754 map of the Veracruz, Mexico. Attributed to French cartographer Jacques-Nicholas Bellin, this map was issued for the French edition of Provost's Histoire des Voyages…. Beautifully rendered mountains and coastlines show the area in considerable detail. Details the Ville de la Veracruz, labeling many of the city's most important buildings, including the 'Grand Eglise,' the office of the Inquisition, the house of the Jesuits, the governor's home, 'La Douane,' the 'Maison de la Compagnie de l'Assiente,' and the house of the Augustans. Also notes the Fort of St. Jean d'Ulua. This gigantic fort was the base of Spanish operations in Mexico for over a hundred years before being converted into a prison and, ultimately, a museum. Offers numerous depth soundings and indicates various shoals and other undersea dangers
Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1703 - 1772) was one of the most important cartographers of the 18th century. With a career spanning some 50 years, Bellin is best understood as geographe de cabinet and transitional mapmaker spanning the gap between 18th and early 19th century cartographic styles. His long career as Hydrographer and Ingénieur Hydrographe at the French Dépôt des cartes et plans de la Marine resulted in hundreds of high quality nautical charts of practically everywhere in the world. A true child of the Enlightenment Era, Bellin's work focuses on function and accuracy tending in the process to be less decorative than the earlier 17th and 18th century cartographic work. Unlike many of his contemporaries, Bellin was always careful to cite his references and his scholarly corpus consists of over 1400 articles on geography prepared for Diderot's Encyclopedie. Bellin, despite his extraordinary success, may not have enjoyed his work, which is described as "long, unpleasant, and hard." In addition to numerous maps and charts published during his lifetime, many of Bellin's maps were updated (or not) and published posthumously. He was succeeded as Ingénieur Hydrographe by his student, also a prolific and influential cartographer, Rigobert Bonne.
Provost, A., L`Histoire Generale des Voyages, 1756, Vol XII, plate 7. Also issued in Bellin, J. N., Le Petit Atlas Maritime. Recueil de cartes et plans des quatre parties du monde.
Very good condition. Minor creasing.
Berra, M.O., Materiales para una Cartografia Mexicana, 1871, page 90.