Nicholas Sanson |
(1600 – 1667)
Nicholas Sanson (1600 - 1667) and his descendants were important French cartographers active throughout the 17th century. Sanson started his career as a historian where, it is said, he turned to cartography as a way to illustrate his historical studies. In the course of his research some of his fine maps came to the attention of King Louis XIII who, admiring the quality of his work, appointed Sanson "Geographe Ordinaire du Roi". Sanson's duties in this coved position included advising the King on matters of geography and compiling the royal cartographic archive. In 1644 he partnered with Pierre Mariette, an established print dealer and engraver, whose business savvy and ready capital enabled Sanson to publish an enormous quantity of maps. Sanson's corpus of some three hundred maps initiated the golden age of French mapmaking and he is considered the "Father of French Cartography". His work is distinguished as being the first of the "Positive Geographers", a primarily French school of cartography that valued scientific observation over historical cartographic conventions. Sanson is most admired for his construction of the magnificent atlas Cartes Generales de Toutes les Parties du Monde. Sanson's maps of North America, Amerique Septentrionale (1650) and La Canada ou Nouvelle France (1656) are exceptionally notable for their important contributions to the cartographic perceptions of the New World. Both maps utilize the discoveries of important French missionaries and are among the first published maps to show the Great Lakes in recognizable form. Sanson was also an active proponent of the insular California theory, wherein it was speculated that California was an island rather than a peninsula. After his death, Sanson's maps were frequently republished, without updates, by his sons, Guillaume (? - 1703) and Adrien Sanson (? - 1708). However, Sanson's true cartographic legacy as a "positive geographer" was carried on by others, including A. H. Jaillot, Guillaume De L'Isle, Gilles Robert de Vaugondy, and Pierre Duval. Click here for a list of rare maps from Nicholas Sanson.
Rare maps by Nicholas Sanson currently for sale.