1762 Janvier Map of Africa
Description: A beautiful example of Jean Janvier's 1762 map of Africa. Covers the entire continent as well as the Island of Madagascar and adjacent parts of Persia and Arabia. Divided into various regions with color-coding according to the colonial power active in the region. Course of the Nile follows the Ptolemaic two lake theory. Shows the Mountains of the Moon just south of the Ptolemaic lakes. In southeastern Africa there is a long lake speculatively drawn in and labeled L. Maram, but which most likely represents an embryonic Lake Tanganyika. Much of central Africa is blank, suggesting the profound lack of knowledge of the interior. Nonetheless, several major river systems, including the Niger, the Congo, and parts of the Nile to show indications of active exploration. Names numerous African kingdoms and tribal groups throughout, though admittedly few correspond with the groups we know today. In the lower left hand quadrant there is an elaborate decorative title cartouche exhibiting a Nile crocodile, a leopard, vegetation, a bird and a waterfall - possibly one of the Nile cataracts. Drawn by J. Janvier for issue as plate no. 23 in Jean Lattre's 1775 issue of the Atlas Moderne.
Date: 1762 (dated)
Source: Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c. 1775.
References: Rumsey 2612.061. Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215.
Cartographer: Jean or Robert Janvier (fl. 1746 - 1776) was a Paris based cartographer active in the mid to late 18th century. Janvier true first name is a matter of debate, as it appears as it often appears as either Jean or Robert. More commonly, Janvier simply signed his maps Signor Janvier. By the late 18th century Janvier seems to have been awarded the title of "Geographe Avec Privilege du Roi" and this designations appears on many of his latter maps. Janvier worked with many of the most prominent French, English and Italian map publishers of his day, including Faden, Lattre, Bonne, Santini, Zannoni, Delamarche, and Desnos. Click here for a list of rare maps by Janvier.
Cartographer: Jean Lattre (fl. 1743 - 1793) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattre published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattre brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattre's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France. Click here for a list of rare maps by Jean Lattre.
Size: Printed area measures 12 in height x 17.5 inches in width (30.48 x 44.45 centimeters)
Condition: Very good condition. Original centerfold exhibits minor toning. Blank on verso.
Code: Africa-janvier-1762 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
© Geographicus Rare Antique Maps, Kevin Brown, 25/4/2015