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1871 Walling and Gray Map of Boston


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Title:    Walling & Gray's Map of the Compact Portions of Boston and the adjacent Cities and Towns.

Description:    A fine 1871 map of Boston, Massachusetts, published by Ormando Gray based upon the cartographic work of Henry S. Walling. The map covers central Boston as well as the adjacent cities and suburbs of South Boston, Brookline, east Boston, Charlestown, Cambridge, Brighton, everett and Chelsea. Proposed landfills in the Back Bay region are ghosted in – a particularly interesting element as in the 1871, this massive urban restructuring project was still a work in progress. In Cambridge the grounds of Harvard University are noted. A larger map of the environs of Boston appears on the lower right quadrant. The upper right quadrant features population statistic for Boston, Charleston, Cambridge and Chelsea according to the 1870 census. Published by the Philadelphia firm of Stedman, Brown & Lyon for publication in the 1871 edition of Walling & Gray’s Topographical Atlas of Massachusetts.

Date:    1871 (dated)

Source:    Walling, H. F., and Gray, O. W., Official topographical atlas of Massachusetts, from astronomical, trigonometrical and various local surveys, (Stedman, Brown & Lyon) 1871.

References:    Rumsey 1154.015. Phillips (Atlases) 14399.

Cartographer:    Henry Francis Walling (June 11, 1825 - April 8, 1889) was an American civil engineer, cartographer, surveyor, and map publisher active from the middle to late 19th century. Walling was born in Providence Rhode Island. He studied worked at the Providence Athenaeum before discovering a talent for mathematics and surveying. Walling took a position with Samuel Barrett Cushing, a Providence based civil engineer with whom he issued in 1846 revision of James Steven's Topographical Map of the State of Rhode-Island. Walling established himself independently around 1850 and immediately began preparing a serious of town plans focusing on Bristol County - near Providence. Buoyed by popular interest in his plans Walling expanded his operations to Massachusetts where, by 1857, he had produced no less than 50 town plans. Apparently Walling's business model involved a contract with town officials to produce a certain number of maps after which he acquired the right to print and sell additional copies on his own account. This work eventually led to Walling's appointment as Massachusetts "Superintendent of the State Map", a designation that begins appearing on his maps around 1855. While Walling's work focused heavily on city and county maps, he did successfully publish three scarce state maps: Maine, Vermont, and Rhode Island. In 1856 Walling relocated his headquarters to New York City where he had better access to quality lithographers. The Civil War proved difficult for Walling and diminished sales may have forced him into a partnership with Ormando W. Gray, with whom he published numerous state, county, and national atlases in the 1860s and 1870s. Around 1880 Walling took a post with the U.S. Coast Survey with whom he worked on various charts until requesting a transfer in 1883 to the newly formed U.S. Geological Survey. Walling remained with the Geological Survey until his untimely death of a heart attack in April of 1889. Click here for a list of rare maps by Henry F. Walling.

Cartographer:    Ormando W. Gray (fl. 1860 – 1880) was a mid to late 19th century map publisher with offices in New York City, Philadelphia, PA, and Danielsonville, Connecticut. He was trained a civil engineer and surveyor. Gray's first commercial atlas was an 1869 survey of Windhamd and Toland counties, Connecticut. His most important work seems to have been done in conjunction with other, more prominent map publishers, including Henry Walling and G.W. and C.B. Colton. Gray is best known for his state and county atlases, though did, with his sons, also independently issued at least two national atlases in the late 1870s. Click here for a list of rare maps by Ormando W. Gray.

Size:   Printed area measures 16 in height x 24 inches in width (40.64 x 60.96 centimeters)

Condition:    Very good. Original centerfold visible. Blank on verso.

Code:   Boston-wallinggray-1871 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)

© Geographicus Rare Antique Maps, Kevin Brown, 22/12/2014



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