1801 Bowles Pocket Map of the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Description: A surprisingly scarce 1801 case or pocket map of the British Isles, including england, Scotland, and Ireland, by Carrington Bowles and Samuel Carver. Bowles’ map covers all of the British Isles from the Shetland Islands south to the Scilly Isles and from western Ireland to the Straits of Dover. Nautical routes between england and Ireland as well as between england and the european mainland are noted. Some offshore detail, in particular the Nymph Bank and the Long Fortys are identified. The lands themselves are subdivided into counties (england, Wales, and Ireland) and shires (Scotland) with numerical reference tables to the right and left sides of the map. An appealing decorative title cartouche appears in the upper left quadrant depicting maritime cargo being loaded unloaded from a busy harbor – possibly Bristol?
Bowles and Carver issued their 'one-sheet' maps series from approximately 1792 to 1801. The series consisted of independent issue maps of nearly every part of the world, prepared either in broadside, wall, or case formats, upon request. Some of the maps in this series are highly sought after and historically important, however, most examples appear on the market with some regularity. This map, curiously, is the exception, as we have been able to identify no other examples in either private or institutional collections and no auction record whatsoever. Given the title, New one-sheet Map of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland' we can assume that this is indeed a 'New' map, drawn to reflect the January 1801 merger of the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland in to a new singular 'United Kingdom'. At the time this was a popular union and strongly supported by the mostly Catholic Irish population, however, by the 1820s the union had fallen out of favor and calls for an independent Irish parliament grew. even so, Ireland remained part of the Kingdom for nearly 100 years until, in 1922, following the Irish War of Independence, an independent state began to emerge. Given the scarcity of this map, we must presume that it enjoyed a very short run.
Date: 1801 (undated)
Cartographer: The Bowles family ( fl. c. 1714 - 1832 ) were publishers and map sellers active in London from c. 1714 to c. 1832. The firm, under Thomas Bowles ( fl. 1714 - 1763), John Bowles (1701-1779), Carrington Bowles (1724 - 1793), and as Bowles and Carver (fl. 1794 - 1832), produced a massive corpus of work that included numerous atlases, pocket maps , and wall maps. The Bowles publishing tradition was kept alive over four generations starting with Thomas Bowles who was a print engraver in the late 17th century. The first maps issued by the firm were actually produced by his son, Thomas Bowles the second, who based in self in St. Paul's Churchyard, London. Thomas's brother, John Bowles (called "Old John Bowles" or "Black Horse Bowles" by those who knew his shop), was also an active publisher and was established at no. 13 Cornhill. It is said that he was one of the first publishers of William Hogarth's works. It was here that John's son, Carrington Bowles, was introduced to the trade. Carrington took over the Cornhill bookshop and eventually merged it with his uncles shop in St. Paul's Churchyard. On Carrington's death in 1793, the business was passed to his son Henry Carrington Bowles, who partnered with Samuel Carver, renaming the firm, Bowles and Carver. Under this imprint the firm continued to publish maps and atlases until the early 1830s. Click here for a list of rare maps by the Bowles family.
Size: Printed area measures 26.5 in height x 21.5 inches in width (67.31 x 54.61 centimeters)
Condition: Very good condiiton. Dissected and mounted on linen in 20 panels. Folds into original case. Original linen in generally good condiiton with only minor splitting.
Code: GreatBritainandIreland-bowles-1801 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
© Geographicus Rare Antique Maps, Kevin Brown, 22/8/2014