1809 Tardieu Map of North America
Description: A highly uncommon and desirable 1810 map of North America by the French cartographer Ambrose Tardieu. Depicts all of North America including Canada, Mexico the United States at a formative but ephemeral period shortly following the U.S. acquisition of Louisiana but prior to both the acquisition of Florida, Texas and Upper California, and the 54°40' Oregon boundary dispute. Mexico controls much of what is today the Southwestern United States and California. As this map was being produced several major events were in process that would eventually redefine the cartography of the region, but Tardieu had access to little of this information. Instead he relies on old Spanish records, speculations, and the data collected by the Dominguez-Escalante expedition of 1776 and 1777 and Zebulon Pike's expedition of 1806. Both Lake Timpanagos (Great Salt Lake) and Lake Teguyo (Utah Lake) are appear - though both are speculative and malformed at this point. Also shows are speculative courses of the Colorado River in the Rocky Mountains. Louisiana is joined to the united states by the map's color coding, but demarcated along the Mississippi River as a distinctly separate zone. The northwestern boundaries of Louisiana in what is today British Columbia, Oregon and Washington, remain indistinct. Tardieu recognizes Russian Claims to Alaska as well as French and British Claims to Canada and certain properties in the West Indies. In the far north hopeful traces of the Northwest Passage remain, with the seas identified by Mackenzie and Hearne - likely the Dolphin and Union Strait - duly noted. Greenland is also, curiously , attached to the mainland. A decorative title cartouche in the lower left hand quadrant details some of the flora and fauna of the continent.
Date: 1809 (dated)
Source: Malte-Brun, C., Atlas Complet Du Precis De la Geographie Universelle De M. Malte Brun dressee par M. Lapie Capitaine Ingenieur Geographie, c. 1812.
Cartographer: Ambroise Tardieu (1788-1841) was a prominent French cartographer and engraver operating in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Tardieu's work is known for its beauty and accuracy as well as for its depth of detail. Tardieu's most important work is his version of John Arrowsmith's large format map of the United States, published in 1806. Ambroise Tardieu is eclipsed in fame by his son, artist and medical scholar, August Ambroise Tardieu. Ambroise Tardieu is also frequently confused with Jean Baptiste Pierre Tardieu, another unrelated French map and print engraver active in the early 19th century. Click here for a list of maps by the Ambroise Tardieu.
Cartographer: Pierre M. Lapie (fl. 1779 - 1850) and his son Alexandre Emile Lapie (fl. 1809 - 1850) were French cartographers and engravers active in the early part of the 19th century. The Lapies were commissioned officers in the French army holding the ranks of Colonel and Capitan, respectively. Alexander enjoyed the title of "First Geographer to the King", and this title appears on several of his atlases. Both father and son were exceptional engravers and fastidious cartographers. Working separately and jointly they published four important atlases, an 1811 Atlas of the French Empire (Alexander), the 1812 Atlas Classique et Universel (Pierre), the Atlas Universel de Geographie Ancienne et Modern (joint issue), and the 1848 Atlas Militaire (Alexander). They also issued many smaller maps and independent issues. All of these are products of exceptional beauty and detail. Despite producing many beautiful maps and atlases, the work of the Lapie family remains largely underappreciated by most modern collectors and map historians. The later 19th century cartographer A. H. Dufour claimed to be a student of Lapie, though it is unclear if he was referring to the father or the son. The work of the Lapie firm, with its precise engraving and informational density, strongly influenced the mid-19th century German commercial map publishers whose maps would eventually dominate the continental market. Click here for a list of maps by the Lapie family.
Cartographer: Conrad Malte-Brun (August 12, 1755-December 14, 1826) was an important late 18th and early 19th century Danish / French cartographer and revolutionary. Conrad was born in Thisted, Denmark. His parents encouraged him to a career in the Church, but he instead enrolled in the University of Copenhagen. In the liberal hall of academia Conrad became an ardent supporter of of the French Revolution and the ideals of a free press. Despite the harsh censorship laws of crown prince Frederick VI, Malte-Brun published numerous pamphlets criticizing the Danish government. He was finally charged with defying censorship laws in 1799 and forced to flee to Sweden and ultimately France. Along with colleague Edme Mentelle, Malte-Brun published his first cartographic work, the Géographie mathématique, physique et politique de toutes les parties du monde (6 vols., published between 1803 and 1807). Conrad went on to found Les Annales des Voyages (in 1807) and Les Annales des Voyages, de la Géographie et de l'Histoire (in 1819). He also founded the Paris Société de Géographie . In time, Conrad Malte-Brun became known as one of the finest French cartographers of his time. His son Victor Adolphe Malte-Brun (1816 - July 13, 1889) followed in his footsteps, republishing many of Conrad's original 18th century maps as well as producing numerous maps of his own. The Malte-Brun firm operated well into the 1880s. Click here for a list of rare maps by Conrade Malte Brun and Victor Adolphe Malte-Brun.
Size: Printed area measures 11.5 in height x 9 inches in width (29.21 x 22.86 centimeters)
Condition: Very good condition. Blank on verso.
Code: NorthAmerica-tardieu-1810 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
© Geographicus Rare Antique Maps, Kevin Brown, 2/9/2014