1799 Clement Cruttwell Map of North Pole
Description: A fine 1799 map of the northern polar regions by the English map publisher Clement Cruttwell. Covers the polar regions from roughly 60 degrees north latitude to the North Pole. Reveals a primitive yet ephemeral understanding of Arctic geography. Evidence of the exploratory work of Tschirikow and Vitus Bering is clear in the northeast parts of Asia and Siberia. However, the geography of North America across the Bering Straight is less clear with no significant inland detail and only a cursory nod to the important navigations of Cook. The northern coastline from Greenland to Alaska is extremely vague with Baffin Bay being entirely enclosed and the northwestern coastland disappearing altogether. Although not specifically named, Cruttwell marks the explorations of Herne along the Coppermine River and his sighting of the Coronation Gulf at roughly 70 degrees north latitude. Cruttwell also notes but does not specifically reference the explorations of McKenzie northward from Great Salve Lake along the McKenzie River and his own important sighting of a great body of fresh water (probably Great Bear Lake) at roughly 70 degrees. Hearn and McKenzie's exploratory work finally ended the popular speculation that a northwest passage might be accessible from the Hudson Bay. Outline color and fine copper plate engraving in the minimalist English style prevalent in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Mountains and topographical other detail shown by profile. Drawn by G. G. and J. Robinson of Paternoster Row, London, for Clement Cruttwell's 1799 Atlas to Cruttwell's Gazetteer.
Date: 1799 (dated)
Source: Cruttwell, C., Atlas to Cruttwell's Gazetteer, 1799.
Cartographer: Clement Cruttwell (1743-1808) was an English book and map publisher active in Bath and London in the late 18th and early 19th century. Cruttwell was born the son of William Cruttwell, a gentleman of Wokingham, Berkshire, England. As a young man Cruttwell was educated to be an Anglican Reverend and consequently maintained a lifelong interest in religious matters. Throughout his life, he published a number of religious works and geographical gazetteers including several focused on the British Isles and one dedicated to France. Though little is known of Cruttwell today, he was highly regarded in his own time. In his obituary, a period publication, The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure describes Cruttwell as
a gentleman whose various literary performances, for labour, extent, and utility, have rarely been equaled, and, when regarded as the productions of an unassisted valetudinarian, have perhaps never been surpassed.Cruttwell was also a known correspondent of George Washington to whom he sent his own translation of the Holy Bible, which Washington kept in his personal library until his death. Click here for a list of rare maps by Clement Cruttwell.
Size: Printed area measures 14.5 in height x 15 inches in width (36.83 x 38.1 centimeters)
Condition: Very good. Original centerfold. Platemark visible. Some offsetting. Moderate overall toning. Blank on verso. Northern margin cropped through title.
Code: NorthPole-cruttwell-1799 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
© Geographicus Rare Antique Maps, Kevin Brown, 23/5/2015