1854 Spruner Map of the Roman Empire
Description: This is Karl von Sprunerís 1854 map illustrating the Roman empire and the northern Barbarians tribes during the 4th century. The map covers the span of the Roman empire from the British Isles south, as far as Africa, and from Portugal to the Caspian Sea in the east. An inset map on the top left corner details the Lower Danube countries in 380. The map is designed to illustrate Roman empire's Gothic Wars between 376 and 382 Ce. Fought between the Goths and the Roman empire, the 378 Ce Battle of Adrianople is considered the beginning of the fall Roman empire. The battle resulted in an overwhelming victory for the Goths a subsequent series of barbarian invasions leading, ultimately, to the collapse of the Western Roman empire. The whole is rendered in finely engraved detail exhibiting throughout the fine craftsmanship of the Perthes firm. Prepared by Karl Spruner for publication in the second edition of Justus Perthes' 1854 Historich-Geographischer, Hand-Atlas zur Geschichte der Staaten europa's vom Anfang des Mittelalters bis auf die Neueste Zeit.
Date: 1853 (dated)
Source: Spruner, Karl, Historich-Geographischer, Hand-Atlas zur Geschichte der Staaten Europa's vom Anfang des Mittelalters bis auf die Neueste Zeit, 1854.
References: OCLC 4125021.
Cartographer: Karl von Spruner (November 15, 1803 - August 24, 1892) or Spruner Karl von Merz or Spruneri was a Stuttgart born cartographer, scientist, and map publisher active in Germany during the middle part of the 19th century. Joining the Bavarian army at the tender age of 11, Spruner dedicated most of his life to military service. Spruner's superiors, recognizing his keen intellect, eventually assigned him to the army's cartographic division. Military education earned him the title of Doctor of Cartography in 1852. In 1855 he attained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel and, in 1883, General. Cartographically, Spruner is best known for his historical atlases, most of which were published by the Justus Perthes firm. His much admired maps studiously applied historical political geographies to contemporary physical geographies. Spruner also worked with Heinrich Theodore Menke, a well-known German mapmaker, to produce and later revise his many historical maps. In 1886, after 72 years of professional military service, Spruner formally retired. He died seven years later in Munich in on August 24th of 1892. Click here for a list of rare maps from Karl von Spruner.
Cartographer: Justus Perthes (1749 - 1812) was one of the most important German cartographic engravers of the 19th century. Perthes began his publishing empire with the 1784 issue of the famed survey of European nobility known as the Almanac de Gotha. In 1817 Perthes switched his focus to cartographic publishing. From 1817 to 1890 the Perthes firm would issue thousands of maps for more than 20 different atlases. Along with the visionary editors Stieler, Peterman, Meyer and Spruner, the Perthes firm pioneered the Hand Atlas. He also produced a number of important wall maps and case maps. Perthes maps are admired for their steel plate engraving, incredible detail, dedication to accuracy, and fine colorization. The Justus Perthes firm continues to produce maps and atlases to this day. Click here for a list of rare maps from Justus Perthes.
Size: Printed area measures 14.5 in height x 17 inches in width (36.83 x 43.18 centimeters)
Condition: Very good. Blank on verso. Original centerfold. Original platemark visible.
Code: RomanEmpire-spruner-1854 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
© Geographicus Rare Antique Maps, Kevin Brown, 23/11/2014