Vue Générale de Paris. Prise du Rond-Point.
1855 (undated) 14 x 18.25 in (35.56 x 46.355 cm)
This is a c. 1855 Michel Charles Fichot bird's eye view of Paris, France. Illustrated from above the Jardin des Champs-Elysées, the view depicts Paris from the east. The Jardin des Champs-Elysées is illustrated in the foreground with the Cirque d'Été to the left of center and the Palace of Industry from the 1855 Paris Universal Exposition, the Rotonde des Panoramas aux Champs-Elysées, and the Annex for the Palace of Industry on the right. Further on, the viewer encounters the Place de la Concorde, the Jardin des Tuileries, the Palais des Tuileries and the Palais du Louvre. Other Paris landmarks illustrated in the view include the Palais Bourbon, the Église de la Madeleine, the Panthéon de Paris, Notre Dame Cathedral, the Hôtel de Ville, and the Luxembourg Palace.
Publication History and CensusThis view was drawn by Michel Charles Fichot, lithographed by Aubrun, and printed by Rose Joseph Lemercier c. 1855. We are aware of only one example in an institutional collection at the Musée Carnavalet in Paris, which is in black and white.
Michel-Charles Fichot (June 6, 1817 - July 7, 1903) was a French artist, illustrator, painter, architect, and lithographer. Born in Troyes, he studied architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Fichot is responsible for hundreds of decorative prints, most city views and architectural views, and exhibited at the salon between 1841 and 1897.
Rose-Joseph Lemercier (June 29, 1803 - 1887) was a French photographer, lithographer, and printer. One of the most important Parisian lithographers of the 19th century, Lemercier was born in Paris into a family of seventeen children. His father was a basket maker, and he even began working as a basket maker at the age of fifteen, but Lemercier was drawn to lithography and printing and soon entered into an apprenticeship with Langlumé, where he worked from 1822 until 1825. After working for a handful of other printers, Lemercier started his own firm in 1828 at 2, rue Pierre Sarrazin with only one printing press. He subsequently moved a few more times before arriving at 57, rue de Seine, where he founded the printing firm Lemercier and Company. Lemercier created the firm Lemercier, Bénard and Company in 1837 with Jean François Bénard. Lemercier bought out Bénard's share in the firm in 1843 and, since his two sons died at a young age, he decided to bring his nephew Alfred into the business beginning in 1862, who would progressively take on more and more responsibility in running the firm. Between 1850 and 1870, Lemercier's firm was the largest lithographic company in Paris. The firm began to decline in prestige in the early 1870s, and, after Lemercier's death in 1887, its descent only quickened. It is unclear when the firm closed, but Alfred directed the firm until his death in 1901.
Very good. Light soiling. Blank on verso.