Map of the States of California and Nevada. Carefully Compiled from the Latest Authentic Sources. By Chas. Drayton Gibbes, C.E.
1873 (dated) 38 x 32.5 in (96.52 x 82.55 cm)
1 : 1140480
A beautiful and rare variant on the first edition second state of Warren Holt and Charles Drayton Gibbes' 1873 map of California and Nevada, considered to be one of the finest large scale maps of California to appear in the second half of the 19th century. The map covers all of California and Nevada with exceptional detail throughout. A key to the left of the map names 14 Federal Land Districts, 20 California Judicial Districts, and 9 Nevada Counties. The key, which was inherited from the first edition first state, is somewhat out of sync with the updated second state, which add Eureka County to Nevada. Additional coding identifies 10, 20, and 30 mile railroad grants to the Central Pacific, Western Pacific, C. and O., Southern Pacific, P. and S., S. and C., and A. and P. Railroads.
This map is derived from Gibbes and Holt's 1869 larger format map of California. Two versions, both considered first editions, were released in 1873. The first state named only 11 Federal Land Districts. The second state, offered here, was expanded to 14 Land districts. As noted by Rumsey
The change of the Land Districts from eleven to fourteen includes a radical change in boundaries, some names changed, and numbering changed, indicating a major restructuring of the General Land Office administration in 1873.
In addition, the second state, also incorporate Eureka County, Nevada, which was founded mid-1873.
Although Gibbes take credit as the compiler of this map, it is significantly improved upon the survey work of Josiah Dwight Whitney, director of the California Geological Survey. Whitney's remapping of California was the first wide-ranging scientific survey of California to receive state funding. The completion of Whitney's survey early in 1873 no doubt inspired Gibbes and Holt to release this vastly improved map (over 1869 precursor) featuring, among other details, updated topography and mineral deposits. Gibbes also compiled data from the U.S. Coast Survey, various railroad surveys and explorations made by R. S. Williamson, Henry de Groot's work in Nevada, his own surveys, and others. It was engraved by Samuel Benton Linton in Philadelphia, PA.
Charles Drayton Gibbes (1813 – May 25, 1893) was an American civil engineer, publisher, surveyor, and cartographer active in California during the latter part of the 19th century. The son of a South Carolina plantation owner, Gibbes relocated to California with the first wave of gold miners following the 1848 discovery of Gold at Sutter's Mill. His goal was not to mine gold, but to follow the miners and survey gold discoveries in the region. He published a number of important maps relating to the Gold Rush, including the 1851 New Map of the Gold Region in California and Map of the Southern Mines. He later partnered with publisher Warren Holt to produce an important sequence of large format maps of California issued between 1869 and 1878. After a long and distinguished career as a California surveyor and civil engineer, Gibbes took a position as curator of mineralogy at the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco.
Warren Holt (fl. 1861 – 1881) was an American publisher and map seller based in San Francisco, California in the second half of the 19th century. Holt was initially sent to California to act as an agent for the New York based map publisher J. H. Colton and Company. He was quick to recognize the opportunity available to an independent map publisher able to quickly compile and publish maps of the rapidly changing and expanding California political and geographical arena. He partnered with the prominent civil engineer and surveyor, Charles Drayton Gibbes, in 1868 to published a series of highly detailed large format maps of California issued between 1869 and 1878. Holt maintained offices at 73 and later at 171 Montgomery Street, San Francisco.
Simón Brieva (Zaragoza, 1742 – Madrid, 1795) was a Spanish engraver active in the latter part of the 18th century. He is known for his work on various editions of Don Quixote as well as cartographic engraving for the Academia de Guardia Marinas de Cádiz.
Good condition. Map trimmed to neat line, apparently by publisher. Backed on original linen. Wear and slight loss on some of the original fold lines. Verso reinforcement here and there. Detached from and not accompanied by original linen binder.
Rumsey 5154.001. Wheat, C. I., Mapping of the Transmississippi West, 1540 – 1861, 1240.