1895 (undated) 29.5 x 37.5 in (74.93 x 95.25 cm)
1 : 5800000
A remarkable c. 1895 French manuscript map of east Africa by an unknown cartographer. In two sections, the map covers from Lake Victoria to South Africa's St. Sebastian Bay, and from the Congo to Madagascar, which appears on the right-hand sheet. The detail throughout is extraordinary, illustrating known and speculative courses of rivers, roads, tribal villages, topography, and more. Although undated, the map's identification of the Congo Free State (État Indépendant du Congo) suggest the map must have been drawn between 1885 to 1908. The presence of British East Africa (Kenya) further narrows it to after 1895. The cartographic style, paper, and linen backing suggest 19th century work, so we have tentatively dated it to about 1895. This may have originally been part of a larger manuscript map covering all of Africa, but no other pieces are known.