Easter Pepperell, Mass. 1886.
1886 (dated) 14 x 21.25 in (35.56 x 53.975 cm)
This 1886 Lucian Rinaldo Burleigh bird's eye view map of East Pepperell, Massachusetts provides a look at a modern-day community near the end of the 19th century. Overlooking East Pepperrell from the southeast, several roads that still exist in town are illustrated and labeled, including Groton Street, Leighton Street, Mill Street, Tucker Street, and Hollis Street. Both the Nissitissit and Nashua Rivers are illustrated, and the Pepperell Covered Bridge across the Nashua River is illustrated to the right of center. Seventeen locations throughout town are numerically identified and correspond to an index below the bottom border, including several mills, two paper companies, the post office, train station, and public school.
The Pepperell Covered BridgeA bridge has existed at the same location since 1740, although it has been rebuilt a few times. The bridge was the site of an important local event during the American Revolution. Not long after the beginning of the war, a Patriot named Prudence Cummings Wright and the other women in her Patriot network stopped Prudence's brother (a Tory) and his friend from disclosing the location of a cache of Patriot gunpowder at the bridge. The women unhorsed the two men and searched them, finding incriminating dispatches meant for the British. Both men were held at a local tavern overnight and then taken to the local Committee of Safety the following day. Their ultimate fate, however, has been lost to history.
Publication History and CensusThis view was drawn by Lucian Rinaldo Burleigh and engraved and printed by Charles H. Vogt in 1886. The OCLC records examples in the institutional collections of the Library of Congress and Pennsylvania State University. We are also aware of an example in the collection of the Normon B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library.
Lucian Rinaldo Burleigh (February 6, 1853 – July 30, 1923) was an American lithographer and view maker active in the latter part of the 19th century. Burleigh was born in Plainfield, Connecticut and studied civil engineering at Worcester County Free Institute of Industrial Science (Worcester Polytechnic). There he studied under George E. Gladwin who specialized in field sketching. Burleigh became one of Gladwin's prized students and this no doubt influenced his choice to become a viewmaker. Burleigh's view work stands out for two reasons. One, most of his town views are drawn form a lower than usual point of view enabling him to take greater advantage of profile perspectives. Two, his views do not integrate people or animals – most late 19th century American view artists added horses, people, carts, dogs, and even chickens to their views. Between the years of 1883 and 1885 Burleigh produced some 28 views of New York towns and cities. Most of these were published by either Beck and Pauli of Milwaukee or C. H. Voght of Cleveland. After 1886, Burleigh established his own Troy press and subsequent views were published in-house. Burleigh also worked as a lithographer for other view makers including J. J. Stoner and Albert Ruger, among many others. Burleigh contributed to the production of about 228 lithographic city views and personally drew about 120, marking him one of the most important and influential viewmakers of the 19th century.
Charles H. Vogt (1823 -1895) was a Prussian-American lithographer active in Cleveland, Ohio from about 1870 to 1889. Vogt was born Prussia and immigrated to the United States in c. 1860, settling in Iowa. He was established as a lithographer of American city views Davenport, Iowa during the 1860s, then in Milwaukee from 1870 to 1879, then in Cleveland, Ohio, from 1879 to 1889. Vogt worked with his son, Gustav. H. Vogt (c. 1858 - July 12, 1936).
Very good. Light soiling. Blank on verso.
Boston Public Library, Normon B. Leventhal Map Center G3764.E22A3 1886 .B8. OCLC 5451028.