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1825 Finley Pocket Map of the United States and Texas

Map of the United States Constructed from the latest Authorities.

1825 Finley Pocket Map of the United States and Texas




Map of the United States Constructed from the latest Authorities.
  1825 (dated)    16.74 x 21.5 in (42.5196 x 54.61 cm)     1 : 7153000


A fine pocket map example of Anthony Finley's scarce 1825 map of the United States. The map covers form just beyond the Rocky Mountains eastward to the Atlantic Seaboard and from Canada to Mexico, encompassing nearly the fully territory then claimed by the United States. Topography is rendered in profile with numerous rivers and American Indian nations noted throughout.

This map falls into the somewhat vague period between the 1804-06 explorations of Louis and Clark, the 1806-07 expedition of Zebulon Pike, and the 1836 Texas Revolution. This was the era distinguished by the Mountain Men - long travelers and fur trappers who followed in the path Louis and Clark and made significant contributions to t cartography of the American west. Finley draws heavily on earlier maps of the period and with regard to the Tran-Mississippi, is particularly indebted, as noted in annotation to the 1820 explorations of Stephen H. Long along the Platte River, and then south. The map identifies Long's Peak as well as the apocryphal southern or Lewis Fork (after Meriwether Lewis) of the Columbia River. At the extreme western border, the speculative Buenaventura River is also noted. 'Texas' is identified near Galveston Bay.

Most examples of this map are associated with Finley's New American Atlas which was first published in 1826, however earlier examples are known. Our own pocket map predates the publication of the New American Atlas by one year - though the plate remained unchanged - and a still earlier example dating to 1824 can be found in the Boston Public Library's Leventhal Collection.


Anthony Finley (August 25, 1784 - June 9, 1836) was an American book and map publisher based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Finley was born in Philadelphia in 1874. He opened a bookshop and publishing house at the Northeast corner of Fourth and Chestnut Street, Philadelphia in 1809. His earliest known catalog, listing botanical, medical and other scientific works, appeared in 1811. His first maps, engraved for Daniel Edward Clarke’s Travels in Various Countries of Europe, Asia, and Africa also appear in 1811. His first atlas, the Atlas Classica, was published in 1818. He soon thereafter published the more significant A New American Atlas and the New General Atlas…, both going through several editions from 1824 to 1834. Although most of Finley's cartographic material was borrowed from European sources, his atlases were much admired and favorably reviewed. In addition to his work as a printer, Finley ran unsuccessfully on the 1818 Democratic ticket for Philadelphia Common Council. He was also a founding officer of the Philadelphia Apprentices’ Library, and a member of both the American Sunday-School Union and the Franklin Institute. Finely was active as a publisher until his 1836 death, apparently of a 'lingering illness.' Shortly thereafter advertisements began appearing for his map business and plates, most of which were acquired by Samuel Augustus Mitchell.

James Hamilton Young (December 18, 1792 - c. 1870) was a Scottish-American draughtsman, engraver, and cartographer active in Philadelphia during the first half of the 19th century. Young was born in Avondale, Lanark, Scotland and emigrated to the United States sometime before 1817. Young was a pioneer in American steel plate engraving, a process superior to copper plate engraving due to the increased durability of steel. His earliest known maps date to about 1817, when Young was 25. At the time he was partnered with William Kneass (1780 - 1840), as Kneass, Young and Company, an imprint that was active from 1817 to 1820. He then partnered with with George Delleker, publishing under the imprint of Young and Delleker, active from 1822 to 1823. Young engraved for numerous cartographic publishers in the Philadelphia area, including Anthony Finley, Charles Varle, and Samuel Augustus Mitchell, among others. His most significant work includes maps engraved for for Anthony Finley and later Samuel Augustus Mitchell. Mitchell proved to be Young's most significant collaborator. The pair published numerous maps from about 1831 well into the 1860s. Young retired sometime in the mid to late 1860s. In 1840 he registered a patent for an improved system of setting up typography for printing.


Good. Backed with archival tissue for stability. Removed from but sold with original leather binder. Some minor discolorations in lower quadrants.


Rumsey 0278.002 (1826 atlas variant), 0280.002 (1827 issue). Boston Public Library, Leventhal Collection, G3700 1824 .M37x. Wheat, C. I., Mapping of the Transmississippi West, 1540 – 1861, 369.
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