Joseph Hoover (December 29, 1830 - August 7, 1913) was an American lithographer and chromolithographer active in the second half of the 19th century. Born in Baltimore, Hoover was of Swiss-German descent. He moved to Philadelphia in 1856, establishing himself as a wood-turner and frame maker. Around the same time, he also began issuing lithograph parlor prints in order to increase his framing business. In the 1860s he embraced the new technology of chromolithography, a system for printing color images. He was one of only three American lithographers honored at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition of 1876. The business became wildly successfully. By the late 1880s he was issuing 600,000 – 700,000 chromolithographs a year, becoming one of the largest publishers of art prints in the United States. Hoover's older son, Henry L. Hoover, joined the business sometime in the late 19th century. His younger son Joseph W. Hoover, followed in 1904. Hoover died in Atlantic City if heart failure in 1913. The firm continued to operate in the Hoover family until about 1985.