1827 Finley Map of Illinois
Description: A beautiful example of Finley's important 1827 map of Illinois. Depicts the state with moderate detail in Finley's classic minimalist style. Shows rivers, roads, canals, and some topographical features. Offers color coding at the county level. Title and scale in lower left quadrant.
Finley's map of Illinois is particularly interesting and important due to its portrayal of the rapidly changing American Indian situation in the northern part of the state. In 1827 northern Illinois was a confined territory assigned to Sac & Fox, Ottowa, and Winnebago Indians. It is interesting to note the commercial interests of European settlers divides the otherwise singular American Indian lands to provide river access to Chicago and Lake Michigan. Within a few short years of this map’s construction, most of these tribes were forcibly removed to the Indian Territory or Oklahoma. This map was updated yearly from 1824 to the mid-1830s. A full series of these maps is a powerful illustration of both the American Indian relocations and the Westward Expansion.
Engraved by Young and Delleker for the 1827 edition of Anthony Finley's General Atlas.
Date: 1827 (undated)
Source: Finley, Anthony, A New General Atlas, Comprising a Complete Set of Maps, representing the Grand Divisions of the Globe, Together with the several Empires, Kingdoms and States in the World; Compiled from the Best Authorities, and corrected by the Most Recent Discoveries, Philadelphia, 1827.
References: Rumsey 0285.027 (1831 edition). Phillips (Atlases) 4314, 760, 752, 6045.
Cartographer: Anthony Finley (c. 1790 - 1840) was an American map publisher based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His most prominent works, A New American Atlas and the New General Atlas… were published from 1824 to 1834. While little is known of Finley's personal life, he seems to have worked in the same publishing and engraving circles as Tanner. Though most of Finley's cartographic material was borrowed from European sources, his atlases were favorably reviewed at the time of their publishing. His works are known for being attractively sparse and minimalist, focusing primarily on clarity and only the most important facts. Click here for a list of rare maps from Anthony Finley.
Size: Printed area measures 9 x 11.5 inches (22.86 x 29.21 centimeters)
Condition: Very good condition. Original pressmark. Blank on verso.
Code: Illinois-finley-1827 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)