The American Press Association (1882 - Present) is a non-governmental news press organization and is considered to be the oldest news press agency in the United States. Founded in Chicago by Major Orlando J. Smith, a U.S. Civil War veteran and American philosopher, Smith was a former editor of the Terre Haute Mail. In 1878 he moved the Mail to Chicago and renamed it the Chicago Express. He began syndicating Edgar Wilson Nye's work in 1891. The American Press Association moved to New York City soon after its founding and continues to operate to this day.