Nile Jurgen Behncke (June 6, 1892 – October 11, 1954) was an American artist and museum administrator active in the first half of the 20th century in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. Behncke was born in Oshkosh to the artist Gustave Behncke, a fresco painter and muralist, and his wife Ida Heiss Behncke. He expressed an early affinity to art and initially worked for his father before moving, in 1914, to the Oshkosh Engraving Company. In 1918 he was drafted into the 83rd Ohio Division of the U.S. Army and sent to France to fight in World War I. He was lucky to arrived one day before the Armistice and so saw little action. After the war he return to Oshkosh where he studied art and, in 1924, took a position as directly of the Oshkosh Public Museum, a position he held until his death. He is not a known cartographer and is only map is his 1931 pictorial map of The Fox River Valley drawn as a fundraiser for the Museum he directed.