Government-General of Taiwan (臺灣總督府; 1895 - 1945) was the Japanese colonial government established to govern Taiwan, which was granted to Japan by the Treaty of Shimonoseki at the end of the First Sino-Japanese War. The Government-General resided in Taipei (Taihoku) and worked to turn Taiwan into a 'model colony,' building schools, police stations, railways, and mines at a rapid pace.