Eduardo Maschek (fl. c. 1860 - 1892) was a Austrian-Brazilian military engineer active in Brazil in the mid to late 19th century. He worked to compiled the Carta Geral do ImpĂ©rio, the first official survey of Brazil, from 1862 to 1871. In 1883, he compiled maps for the Inspetoria Geral das Obras PĂșblicas, the administrator of Rio de Janeiro's public sewers and similar works. In 1888, he registered a patent for a 'life-saving device, for trams or cars equipped with brakes.' He produced a map of Rio de Janeiro c. 1891.