Joseph Bouchette (May 14, 1774 - April 8, 1841) was a British Canadian military officer and cartographer. Bouchette was born in Quebec City, the son of Jean-Baptiste Bouchette, a military topographer and naval officer, and Marie Angelique Duhamel, daughter of Julien Duhamel (1723 - 1778). During the American Revolutionary War (1775 - 1783), Joseph's father famously saved the life of General Guy Carleton (1724 - 1808), Commander-in-Chief of the British Forces in North America, navigating him and his family along the Saint Lawrence River from Montreal, through the American lines, to Quebec. This accomplishment has significant ramifications for both the war, reversing the outcome of the 1775 Battle of Quebec, and the Bouchette family, earning Bouchette a grant of 6,000 acres and a significant military promotion. Joseph, now practically a nobleman, followed his father as a topographer and naval officer. He initially studied art and architecture under François Baillairgé (1759 - 1830), but in 1790, after a short and distinguished naval career, Bouchette entered the service of his (now elderly) uncle Samuel Holland (1728 - 1801), the first Surveyor-General of British North America. He moved to Quebec to work at the Surveyor General's offices and found the offices in disarray. Bouchette took on the task of reorganizing the offices, earning him the official position of Surveyor-General after Holland's death. With Charles Burton Wyatt, Bouchette resurveyed Lower Canada from 1805 to 1807. This work was compiled and published in 1815 as the Topographical Description of the Province of Lower Canada, which was the sum of all contemporaneous knowledge of the territory. He held the position of Surveyor General until 1826 when he retired, and the position was taken up by his son, Joseph-Francis Bouchette (1800 - 1881). After he died in 1841, he was entombed in Montreal's Notre Dame des Neiges Cemetery.