Modesto Tiburcio Cendoya y Busquets (November 4, 1856 - September 26, 1938) was a Spanish architect and the director of La Alhambra from 1907 until 1923. Born in Bera, Spain, he studied at the Central Univeristy Falculty of Sciences in Madrid from 1870 until 1874. In 1885 he graduated from the Madrid Higher School with a degree in architecture. Cendoya y Busquets moved to Granada in 1885 to work on reconstruction efforts in towns destroyed by the Alhama earthquake. He was named municipal architect of Granada in 1888 and held the position until he retired in 1927. Over the course of his career, Cendoya y Busquets worked on numerous projects in the area, including the layout for the Gran Vía de Colón (1891), the Alhambra Palace Hotel, and the Spanish pavilion for the 1910 Universal Exhibition in Brussels, for which he won two awards. He was appointed Director of the Alhambra by Royal Order on May 1, 1907. He held this position until he was dismissed in 1923. Cendoya y Busquets' tenure as Director of the Alhambra is remembered as one of the most controversial in the modern era and he was dismissed because of accusations of laziness (supposedly driven by differences with the Board of Directors) and because he was said to be the cause of numerous and irreparable archaeological damage.