La Escuela de Artes Y Oficios (1878 - 1887) was a school developed in Montevideo, Uruguay, as part of that country's modernization process, both as an instrument of education and of social control. It was founded on December 31, 1878, during the presidency of Lorenzo Latorre. At that time it was located within a military compound and was administered directly by the Ministry of War: its students were young people detained by the police or the army. These were taught to read, and instructed in a trade during their detention. Printing - both letterpress and lithography - appear to have numbered among these trades: the school published an array of works during its existence, ranging from books of poetry to official statistical government publications. They published one map: Mapa de la republica oriental del Uruguay, whose cartographer is not credited. Its publication through a military office would classify it as an official document. The Escuela remained an office of the military until 1887, at which point it was passed to the Ministry of Justice, Worship and Public Instruction, and its name changed to Escuela Nacional de Artes y Oficios.. The institution survived several changes of name, and is known now as Univesidad del Trabajo del Uruguay.

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